Khataevich Mendel Markovich
Mendel Markovich Khatayevich (March 10, 1893, Gomel Province, Gomel Province, Russian Empire; October 30, 1937, Moscow, USSR) was a Soviet party and state figure of Jewish descent. One of the organizers of the Holodomor of 1932-1933. Member of the Central Control Commission of the CPSU (b) (1925-1927). Candidate for membership in the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) (1927–1930). Member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) (1930–1937). Member of the Central Committee of the CP (B) U (October 1932 - August 1937). Member of the Organizing Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Belarus (October 1932 - January 1934, March - August 1937). Member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CP (B) U (October 1932 - August 1937).
He was born on March 10 (22), 1893 (18930322) in the family of a small Jewish merchant in Gomel, now Gomel region, Republic of Belarus. He received his primary education, graduating in 1906 from the Heather Jewish School. He passed the exams for the third grade of a private gymnasium.
In October 1906 - August 1910 - a messenger of kerosene in Gomel. From August 1910 to October 1911 he was a forwarder of a newspaper expedition, and from October 1911 to September 1912 he was a salesman at a newspaper kiosk in Gomel. From September 1912 to December 1913 he was an assistant dental technician in Gomel.
Member of the RSDLP (B) since July 1913.
In January-August 1914 he was a political prisoner in the Gomel prison. From August 1914 to March 1917 he was exiled to a settlement in the Angara region and in the village of Maklakovo in the Yenisei province.
From March 1917 to January 1918 he was deputy chairman of the Polissya Committee of the RSDLP (B) in Gomel, member of the Southwestern Regional Committee of the RSDLP (B), member of the Presidium of the Gomel Soviet, and deputy chairman of the Gomel City Committee of the RSDLP (B).
From January to June 1918 he was chairman of the Samara City Committee of the RCP (B), a member of the Presidium, and the head of the organizational, agitation and propaganda departments of the Samara Provincial Committee of the RCP (B). After the occupation of the city of Samara by Czech troops in June 1918, he was wounded and arrested. In November 1918 he was released by the Red Army.
From November 1918 to August 1919 he was chairman of the Gomel County Committee of the RCP (B). From July 1919 to May 1920 he was the head of the agitation and organizational department of the Samara City Committee of the RCP (B), the responsible organizer of the 1st Samara City District Committee of the RCP (B), and the chairman of the Samara City Committee of the RCP (B).
In May 1920, among other communists mo