Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Navy

Article

May 25, 2022

The Red Banner Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation is a part of the Russian Navy located in the Black Sea. The fleet also goes to the Mediterranean. In 2010 he became a member of the Southern Military District. Fleet Command is stationed in Sevastopol. Commander - Igor Osipov (since 2019). Another important naval base is Novorossiysk. The fleet consists of 14 large ships (2 large anti-submarine ships, 3 patrol frigates, 2 hovercraft, 7 large landing ships), 2 diesel submarines, 23 small ships and boats (7 anti-submarine ships, 2 missile ships, 6 missile boats, 8 minesweepers). According to the Ukrainian-Russian agreement from 1997, the Sevastopol base was to be left by the Russian fleet in 2017. According to the Yanukovych-Medvedev Agreement, the fleet's stay in Sevastopol was extended until 2042. However, after the invasion of Crimea, Russia unilaterally denounced the base agreement on March 31, 2014. After that, the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation is part of the occupying forces of the aggressor state in Ukraine.

History

Russian Empire

Attempts by the Russian Empire to create a fleet in the Black and Azov Seas date back to the time of the construction of boats in Voronezh by Tsar Peter I. However, this attempt was unsuccessful. Only in 1783, with the capture of Crimea and the capture of Sevastopol, the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Empire was formed. Well-known Russian admirals: Pavel Nakhimov and Fedor Ushakov.

Soviet Union

At the end of 1920, after the final occupation of Ukraine, the Bolsheviks had almost no naval forces in the Black Sea. At that time, weapons, equipment and personnel from the Baltic, Onega, Severodvinsk and Volga-Caspian flotillas were sent to the Sea of ​​Azov. Thus was created "Workers 'and Peasants' Red Fleet" on the Black and Azov Seas. By 1928, the elimination of the effects of the devastation had been largely completed and the technical reconstruction of the Navy had begun. The fleet was reinforced by warships transferred from the Baltic. In 1929–1937, the Black Sea Fleet received more than 500 new warships. The Air Force was created