The Sabbath is also the Sabbath, rarely the Sabbath (from the Hebrew שאַבעס (Shabes) from the Hebrew שַׁבָּת (Sabbath) - "rested, ceased"), in the Jewish calendar (Judaism) - the seventh day of the week in which the Torah (Old Testament) commands refrain from work. Lasts from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday.
Sabbath in the Torah
The Sabbath is the seventh day of creation (Gen. 2: 2-3). And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it, because in it he had rested from all his work which God created. The Sabbath is the covenant of Israel with God. It is a sign between me and the children of Israel forever. on the seventh day he rested and rested (Exodus 31:17).
The Torah orders peace and cessation of work on the Sabbath and provides for the death penalty for violating the laws of the Sabbath (but this punishment is not carried out by man, but by supernatural forces).
The Sabbath (Hebrew: קבלת שבת Kabbalah Sabbath) is a tradition rooted in the deep past. Integral attributes of the Sabbath meeting are a table covered with a tablecloth, two lighted candles, a hall - traditional bread in the form of a braided braid, wine.
The Sabbath, according to Jewish tradition, comes at sunset on Friday (Hebrew: יום שישי). But 18 minutes before sunset, the woman (usually the wife of the head of the family) should light the Sabbath candles with the blessing: Our God, Lord of the Universe, Who sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to light the Sabbath candles.
From the moment a Jew accepts the Sabbath (a woman lights candles, a man no later than sunset) until the end of the Sabbath (Hebrew מוצאי שבת), 39 categories of "work" (Hebrew ל"ט אבות מלאכה) cannot be performed, including lighting. and extinguishing the fire.
There are 39 types of work prohibited on Saturday. It:
01. Zorea (planting).
02. Horesh (plowing)
03. Kotser (harvest).
04. Meamer (knitting sheaves).
05. Dash (threshing).
06. Dawn (sifting of milled grain, separating it from the chaff).
07. Borer (sorting).
08. Tohen (grain milling).
09. Meraked (separated