Sweden

Article

January 22, 2022

Sweden (Swedish: Sverige, [ˈsværjɛ] (listen)), officially known as the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sverige, [ˈkôːnɵŋaˌriːkɛt ˈsvæ̌rjɛ] (listen)) is a Nordic country in northern Europe in northern Europe. It borders Norway and Finland, and is connected to Denmark by a tunnel bridge across the Oresund Strait. Covering an area of ​​450,295 km, Sweden is the third largest country in the European Union and has a population of 10.3 million, 2.6 million of whom are of foreign origin. The country as a whole has a low population density - 22 people per 1 km2 - with the highest concentration in the southern half of the country. About 85% of the population lives in cities. Sweden is part of the geographical region of Fennoscandia, located between the North Atlantic, the Baltic Sea and the vast Eurasian Russian land. The climate is generally temperate with significant marine impact. Despite its location in high latitudes, Sweden often has warm continental summers. The climate varies greatly from south to north due to the large difference in latitudes. Much of Sweden has long cold and snowy winters. The southern part of Sweden is characterized by a warmer climate and shorter winters. This part of the country is suitable for agricultural production, while the northern part is covered with forests, here are the Scandinavian mountains. Germanic tribes, which later became the ethnic basis of modern Swedes, settled in modern Sweden in prehistoric times. They were first mentioned in history as the Getae and theirs, a maritime people also known as the Norse. Sweden emerged as an independent and the only country in the Middle Ages. In the 17th century, the country expanded its territories, creating the Swedish Empire, which was a great European power until the beginning of the 18th century. Sweden gradually lost its overseas territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula during the 17th and 19th centuries, beginning with Russia's annexation of present-day Finland in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was the war of 1815, which forced Norway into a union. Since then, Sweden has been at peace, officially pursuing a policy of neutrality in international affairs. The union with Norway was broken peacefully 190

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