Dmytro Ivanovych Yavornytskyi

Article

August 8, 2022

Dmytro Ivanovich Yavornytskyi (Evarnytskyi) (October 25 (November 6) 1855 (18551106), Sontsivka village (now Borysivka), Kharkiv province, Russian Empire - August 5, 1940, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR, USSR) - Ukrainian historian, archaeologist, ethnographer, folklorist, lexicographer, writer, researcher of the history of the Ukrainian Cossacks, museum expert, active member of the National Academy of Sciences (1914) and the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (1929). One of the founders of the Regional Museum of Local Lore named after O. M. Polya. Author of more than 1,500 scientific works. One of the first who studied in detail the entire history of the Zaporizhzhya Cossacks and the history of the Dnieper rapids.

Origin of the surname

Yavornytskyi explained the origin of his own surname from "sycamore" or "sycamore". Many printed works of the scientist bear the surname "Evarnytskyi". For the first time, "Yavornytskyi" is found in the double signatures "Evarnytskyi - Yavornytskyi" in the articles of 1890 in "Ekaterinoslav provincial gazettes". But back in 1886, in a letter to Feofan Lebedyntsev, the editor of the first Ukrainian historical magazine "Kievskaya starina", Yavornytskyi asked that his articles be signed with the double surname "D. I. Evarnytskyi (D. I. Yavornytskyi)". And he explained: "I want to say with this that I am not a lych, but a Ukrainian." However, "Evarnytskyi" appears again in all subsequent works. And only after 1905, the scientist uses either a double signature, or simply "Yavornytskyi" and very rarely "Evarnytskyi". In Soviet times, he called himself only "Yavornytskyi". In correspondence with family and friends, the scientist began to use the surname "Yavornytskyi" much earlier than in printed works, as early as 1884.

Biography

Early years

Dmytro Yavornytskyi comes from the village of Sontsivka (now within the village of Borysivka, Kharkiv District, Kharkiv Region). The exact date of birth was not known until the beginning of the 21st century, when in 2009 Andrii Paramonov (director of the Kharkiv City Manor Museum, local historian, journalist) found an extract from the metric in the Kharkiv archive, which indicated that Dmytro was born on October 25 (according to the old style), and on October 29 he was baptized. Dmytro Yavornytskyi's father, Ivan Yakymovych Yavornytskyi (1827-1885), came from an impoverished noble family, the ancestor of which belonged to a Cossack chieftain. According to the testimony of Dmytro Yavornytskyi, from his grandfather—P�