May 19, 2022

Late Middle Ages • Great Famine • Reconquista • Hanseatic League • Avignon Captivity of Popes • Mongol Empire

Geopolitical situation

Andronicus II Palaeologus was emperor of the Byzantine Empire (until 1328). Friedrich of Austria and Ludwig of Bavaria are fighting for the title of King of Germany. In France, Philip V the Long became king (until 1322). The Apennine Peninsula is divided: the north belongs to the Holy Roman Empire, the middle part is the Papal States, the south belongs to the Kingdom of Naples. Some cities in the north: Venice, Pisa, Genoa, etc., have the status of republic cities. The struggle between the Guelphs and the Ghibellines continues. Almost the entire Iberian Peninsula is occupied by Christian Castile and Leon, the Kingdom of Aragon and Portugal, under the rule of the Moors remained only the lands in the south. Edward II was King of England (until 1327) and King of Denmark was Eric VI (until 1319). Russian lands are under the rule of the Golden Horde. The Halych-Volyn principality was headed by Lev Yuriyovych and Andriy Yuriyovych, Mykhailo Yaroslavych ruled in the Volodymyr-Suzdal principality (until 1318). The Mongol Empire occupies most of Asia, but it is divided into separate uluses that are at war with each other. China, in particular, is ruled by the Mongol Yuan dynasty. In Egypt, the Mamluks hold power. Marinids rule in the Maghreb. The Delhi Sultanate is the most powerful state in northern India, and southern India is ruled by the state of Hoysal and the state of Pandya. The Kamakura period continues in Japan. The Mayan civilization is going through a postclassical period. Aztec civilization began to emerge.


The Great Famine has been raging in Europe for the second year in a row. Gediminas began to rule in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. After the death of Louis X, the French throne passed to his posthumous son Jean, but his "reign" lasted from 15 to 19 November. After Jean's death, Philip V the Long became King of France. The Anglo-Normans regained control of Ireland, which Edward Bruce had declared himself king the previous year. In Wales, Llewellyn Bren revolted against the British. The pontificate of John XXII began. The Delhi Sultanate was headed by Qutb-ud-din Mubarak.


Charles IV (Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire)