October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 79 days remaining until the end of the year.
This day in history: October 12 — October 13 — October 14
Holidays and memorable days
UN: International Day for Disaster Reduction
1307 - By order of King Philip IV the Beautiful, all French Templars are arrested simultaneously. From this date comes the superstition about Friday, 13.
1582 - In Italy and other Catholic countries, the Julian calendar (old style) is replaced by the Gregorian (new style).
1675 - Dutch physicist Christian Huygens patents a pocket watch.
1792 - Construction of the White House begins in Washington.
1860 - The first balloon photograph is taken in the United States.
1871 - The Paul Galagan College opens in Kyiv
1875 - Chernivtsi University was opened.
1884 - Greenwich is approved as the zero meridian.
1894 - The Ukrainian People's Union is founded in Pennsylvania.
1927 - The International Social Security Association is founded on the initiative of the International Labor Organization.
1943 - The Kingdom of Italy declares war on the Third Reich.
1947 - The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) decides to create seven special operative groups of the NKVD to liquidate the leaders of "gang groups" of the Ukrainian SSR and members of the OUN Central and Regional Commands.
1948 - The Council of Ministers of the USSR adopts a resolution on the eviction of families of "bandit and nationalist elements"
1948 - construction of the Dashava-Kyiv gas pipeline is completed.
1957 - The world's first artificial satellite of the Earth is launched in the USSR. In 1967, the International Federation of Astronautics declared this date the Day of the beginning of the space age of mankind.
1987 - In the Persian Gulf, the US Navy uses dolphins for military purposes for the first time in the world.
1992 - Leonid Kuchma is appointed Prime Minister of Ukraine.
1996 - The South Ukrainian Economic Union is established in Crimea.
1998 - NATO issues an ultimatum to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to withdraw troops from Kosovo.
See also Category: Born on October 13
1474 - Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter, representative of the Florentine school.
1822 - Lev Tsenkovsky, Ukrainian botanist, protozoologist and bacteriologist