July 5, 2022

Renaissance • Reformation • Age of great geographical discoveries • Hansa

Geopolitical situation

The Ottoman state was headed by Suleiman I the Magnificent (until 1566). The emperor of the Holy Roman Empire is Charles V Habsburg (until 1555). Francis I reigns in France (until 1547). The central part of the Apennine Peninsula is occupied by the Papal Region. The Kingdom of Naples in the south was captured by Spain. The Republic of Venice remains independent, the Duchy of Florence, Genoa and the Duchy of Milan are part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Spanish kingdom was ruled by Charles I (until 1555). In Portugal reigns Juan III the Pious (until 1557). Henry VIII is the king of England (until 1547). The throne of Denmark and Norway is vacant after the death of Frederick I. The king of Sweden is Gustav I Vasa (until 1560). The king of part of Hungary and Bohemia is the Roman king Ferdinand I Habsburg (until 1564). Most of Hungary is ruled by Janos Zapoljai as a vassal of the Turkish sultan. Sigismund I the Old reigns in Poland (until 1548), he remains the prince of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Galicia is part of Poland. Volyn belongs to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The Moscow principality was headed by Ivan IV (until 1575). In the west of the Eurasian steppes, there are the Kazan Khanate, the Crimean Khanate, the Astrakhan Khanate, and the Nogai Horde. Egypt was captured by the Turks. The Shah of Iran is the Safavid Tahmasp I. China is ruled by the Ming Dynasty. The great states of Hindustan are the Great Mughal Empire, the Bijapur Sultanate, and Vijayanagara. The Muromachi period continues in Japan. The Spanish captured Mexico, the Inca Empire.


The village of Sudylkiv, Shepetiv district, Khmelnytskyi region, Ukraine, was founded. The Muscovite-Lithuanian War of 1534-1537 began. On July 13, the Turks captured the Persian fortress of Tabriz from the Safavids, then Baghdad. The Turkish Pasha Khair al-Din Barbarossa captured Tunisia. On August 15, Ignatius Loyola and six of his associates founded the Jesuit order (Society of Jesus) in Paris. Paul III became the Pope on October 13. The English Parliament approved the "Act of Supremacy", on the basis of which Henry VIII accepted the title of head of the Church of England. Reformation: On February 27, a group of Anabaptists led by Jan Mattis captured the city of Münster and proclaimed it the New Jerusalem. April 5, in