October 25, 2021

The Industrial Revolution • The Enlightenment • The Russian Empire • The Great French Revolution Geopolitical situation In the Ottoman Empire, Sultan Selim III (until 1807). Under Ottoman rule are the Middle East and Egypt, the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, part of the Caucasus, large areas in Europe: Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia. The vassals of the Ottomans are Wallachia and Moldova. The Holy Roman Empire covers, in addition to the German lands, Hungary, Croatia, Transylvania, Bohemia, northern Italy, and the Austrian Netherlands. Emperor Leopold II was succeeded to the throne of the empire by Franz II (until 1835). Prussia was ruled by Frederick William II (until 1797). In France, King Louis XVI was removed from power, a republic was proclaimed. France has colonies in North America and India. King of Spain - Charles IV (until 1808). The Kingdom of Spain includes southern Italy, New Spain, New Granada, the Vice-Kingdom of Peru, the Inland Provinces and the Vice-Kingdom of Rio de la Plata in America, the Philippines. Mary I reigned in Portugal (until 1816). Portugal has possessions in Brazil, Africa, India, the Indian Ocean and Indonesia. George III (until 1820) sits on the throne of Great Britain. Britain has colonies in North America, the Caribbean and India. The United States occupies the territory of part of the former British colonies. The President of the United States is George Washington. The territory in the north of the North American continent belongs to Great Britain, the territory in the south and west - Spain and France. The north of the Netherlands is occupied by the Republic of the United Provinces. It has colonies in America, Indonesia, Formosa and Ceylon. King of Denmark and Norway - Christian VII (until 1808), on the Swedish throne of Gustav III was replaced by Gustav IV Adolf (until 1837). The Venetian Republic and the Papal States are independent on the Apennine Peninsula. King of the Commonwealth - Stanislaw August Poniatowski (until 1795). Catherine II ruled in the Russian Empire (until 1796). Ukraine is divided between three states. The Kingdom of Galicia and Vladimir belongs to Austria. The border between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Russian Empire runs along the Dnieper. The left-bank part is divided into the Kiev governorship, the Chernihiv governorship, the Novgorod-Siversky governorship, Novorossiya

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