April 5 - The eruption of Tambora volcano, which caused about 70,000 deaths in Indonesia and the "Year without Summer" in Europe and North America.
June 18 - Napoleon loses the Battle of Waterloo.
August 8 - Napoleon is exiled to the island of St. Helena.
June 8 - The Congress of Vienna concludes.
David Brewster discovered the phenomenon of complete polarization of light when falling on the interface at a certain angle.
January 11 - John Alexander MacDonald, First Prime Minister of Canada (1867-1873, 1878-1891).
January 21 - Horace Wells, an American dentist, is the first to use medical anesthesia (1845).
February 16 - Gulak-Artemovsky Semyon Stepanovych, Ukrainian opera singer-baritone, composer, dramatic artist, playwright.
March 4 - Mykhailo Verbytsky, composer, public figure, author of the music of the anthem of Ukraine "Ukraine is not dead yet" († 1870).
April 1 - Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck, the first Reich Chancellor of Germany (1866-1890) during the Second Reich.
February 24 - Robert Fulton, American engineer and inventor, creator of the first steamer.
December 7 - Michel Ney, French Marshal of Napoleon's time.