September 10 — the end of the Crimean War
Peasant performance - "Moving to Tavria by will"
In Portugal, the first railway line Lisbon - Caregado was laid
Discovery of magnetoresistance by William Thomson.
See also Category: Born in 1856
February 19 - Svante Arrhenius, Swedish physiochemist.
April 24 - Henri Philippe Pétain, French military and political figure, marshal.
March 7 - Porfiry Denisovych Martynovych, Ukrainian painter, graphic artist, folklorist and ethnographer.
May 6 - Robert Edwin Peary, American polar explorer; the first to reach the North Pole (1909).
May 15 - Frank Baum, American writer.
June 14 - Andrii Andriyovych Markov, Russian mathematician.
June 22 - Henry Ryder Haggard, English writer.
July 10 - Nikola Tesla, American physicist of Serbian origin.
July 22 - Asai Tyu, Japanese artist.
July 26 - George Bernard Shaw, English playwright, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature.
August 6 — Vasnetsov Apolinariy Mykhailovych, painter and graphic artist, author of books on the theory of art, history, archeology (†1933).
August 27 - Ivan Yakovych Franko, famous Ukrainian writer, poet († 1916).
December 28 — Thomas Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States (1913-1921).
See also Category:Died 1856