Excavations in Troy
January 18 - Unification of Germany
Charles Darwin published The Origin of Man and Sexual Selection.
Saumalkol (formerly Volodarskoe) of Kazakhstan
See see also Category: Born 1871
January 15 - Agatangel Yukhymovich Krymsky, Ukrainian historian, writer, translator, one of the organizers of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1918)
January 25 - Mykola Oleksiyovych Skrypnyk, Ukrainian politician and statesman, chairman of the Soviet People's Commissar of the Bolshevik UPR (1918-1919)
February 12 - Les Martovych, Ukrainian writer.
February 25 - Lesya Ukrainka, an outstanding Ukrainian poetess († 1913)
March 5 - Rosa Luxemburg, German left-wing politician, one of the founders of the Communist Party of Germany
March 27 - Heinrich Mann, German writer, essayist, playwright
May 9 - Volodymyr Hnatyuk, Ukrainian ethnographer, folklorist, literary critic, academician. Author of works on Lemko ethnography.
May 14 - Vasyl Semenovych Stefanyk, Ukrainian writer
July 5 - Filaret Kolessa, Ukrainian ethnographer, folklorist, composer, musicologist and literary critic († 04.03.1947)
July 10 - Marcel Proust, French writer
August 13 - Karl Liebknecht, one of the founders of the Communist Party of Germany
August 19 - Orville Wright, American aviator
August 27 - Theodore Dreiser, American writer
August 30 - E. Rutherford, British physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize (1908)
September 30 - Hryhoriy Kuznevych, Ukrainian sculptor, artist
December 6 - Voronyi Mykola Kindratovych, Ukrainian writer, translator, poet, director, actor
February 4 3rd Imam of Dagestan and Chechnya ShamilDiv. See also Category: Died 1871