March 2 - The first issue of Time magazine is published in the United States - the 32-page edition was the first American news weekly.
October 29 - Establishment of the Republic of Turkey on the site of the Ottoman Empire.
About 300 language radio stations operated in the USSR.
Discovery of Compton scattering
Opening the Auger effect.
OI Oparin formulated a coacervate hypothesis of the origin of life on Earth.
Accidents and catastrophes
March 10 - Greek steamer Alexander sinks near Piraeus. 150 people died.
April 24 - The Portuguese steamer Mossamedes crashes near Cape Frio. 220 people died.
January 1 - Great Kanto earthquake in eastern Japan.
See See also Category: Born 1923
January 17 - Mykola Tymofiiovych Bilukha, Economist, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Ukraine.
January 30 - Gaidai Leonid Iovich, Russian film director
January 31 - Norman Mailer, American novelist
February 12 - Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film director
February 13 - Chuck Yiger, American test pilot
March 6 - Wes Montgomery, American jazz guitarist
March 22 - Marcel Marceau, French mime
April 17 - Lindsay Anderson, English film director
April 23 - Vasyl Zemlyak, Ukrainian writer, screenwriter
April 25 - Albert King, American blues singer and guitarist
May 1 - Joseph Heller, American writer
May 6 - Etush Vladimir Abramovich, Russian actor of theater and cinema
May 10 - Heydar Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan
May 23 - Alicia de Larrocha, Spanish pianist from Catalonia
May 27 - Henry Kissinger, American politician
May 31 - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco.
July 6 - Wojciech Jaruzelski, General, Prime Minister of Poland (1981-1989)
July 13 - Mikhail Pugovkin, Russian actor
July 28 - Basov Vladimir Pavlovich, Russian actor
August 24 - Victor Mikhailovich Glushkov, Ukrainian mathematician, pioneer of computer technology
August 29 - Richard Attenborough, English actor, director
September 1 - Rocky Marciano, American professional heavyweight boxer
September 8 - Rasul Gamzatov, Avar poet
September 9 - Daniel Carlton Gaiduzek, American pediatrician and virologist, Laurel