1931

Article

July 5, 2022

Events

March 11 - the sale and import of Bibles is prohibited in the Soviet Union. In September, the Dniprobud II station was opened as part of the newly built Shlyuzova-Kantserivka line. October 11 - the Soviet People's Committee of the USSR completely banned private property. Joint-stock company "Svema" OJSC was founded. All-Union Conference on Combating Drought.

Science

Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll created a prototype of an electron microscope. Construction of the first cyclotron by E. Lawrence. Lars Onsager proved the principle of symmetry of kinetic coefficients. American radio engineer Carl Jansky discovered cosmic radio radiation.

Accidents and disasters

June 15 - the steamship Saint Philibert (Sant Philibert) sank in the Bay of Biscay off the coast of France. More than 500 people died.

Born

See also Category: Born in 1931 January 5 - Robert Duvall, American actor January 6 - Edgar Lawrence Doctorow, American writer January 20 - David Lee, American physicist February 1 - Boris Mykolayovych Yeltsin, Russian statesman and politician, the first president of Russia (1991-1999) February 4 - Isabel Peron, President of Argentina (1974–76) February 8 - James Dean, American actor March 2: Thomas Wolfe, American writer Mykhailo Serhiyevich Gorbachev, Russian politician and public figure, the first and last president of the USSR (1990–91) March 3 - Dyatlov Anatoly Stepanovich, former deputy chief engineer for the operation of the Chornobyl NPP March 6 — Oleksandr Ivanovich Bilash, Ukrainian composer March 11 - Rupert Murdoch, American media magnate of Australian origin March 19 — Emma Andievska, Ukrainian writer, poet and painter April 12 — Leonid Pavlovich Derbenev, Russian composer April 23 - Grihyr Mykhailovych Tyutyunnyk, Ukrainian writer May 5 - Mykola Kindratovych Kondratyuk, Ukrainian singer, teacher May 10 - Ettore Scola, Italian film director May 15 - Ihor Shankovskyi, Ukrainian literary critic, poet and translator. May 19: Stephen Young, actor David Wilkerson, American Christian preacher. June 12 - Yevgenia Miroshnychenko, Ukrainian singer June 20 - Martin Landau, actor June 22 - Hennadiy Udovenko, Ukrainian politician June 23 - G�