March 11 - the sale and import of Bibles is prohibited in the Soviet Union.
In September, the Dniprobud II station was opened as part of the newly built Shlyuzova-Kantserivka line.
October 11 - the Soviet People's Committee of the USSR completely banned private property.
Joint-stock company "Svema" OJSC was founded.
All-Union Conference on Combating Drought.
Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll created a prototype of an electron microscope.
Construction of the first cyclotron by E. Lawrence.
Lars Onsager proved the principle of symmetry of kinetic coefficients.
American radio engineer Carl Jansky discovered cosmic radio radiation.
Accidents and disasters
June 15 - the steamship Saint Philibert (Sant Philibert) sank in the Bay of Biscay off the coast of France. More than 500 people died.
See also Category: Born in 1931
January 5 - Robert Duvall, American actor
January 6 - Edgar Lawrence Doctorow, American writer
January 20 - David Lee, American physicist
February 1 - Boris Mykolayovych Yeltsin, Russian statesman and politician, the first president of Russia (1991-1999)
February 4 - Isabel Peron, President of Argentina (1974–76)
February 8 - James Dean, American actor
Thomas Wolfe, American writer
Mykhailo Serhiyevich Gorbachev, Russian politician and public figure, the first and last president of the USSR (1990–91)
March 3 - Dyatlov Anatoly Stepanovich, former deputy chief engineer for the operation of the Chornobyl NPP
March 6 — Oleksandr Ivanovich Bilash, Ukrainian composer
March 11 - Rupert Murdoch, American media magnate of Australian origin
March 19 — Emma Andievska, Ukrainian writer, poet and painter
April 12 — Leonid Pavlovich Derbenev, Russian composer
April 23 - Grihyr Mykhailovych Tyutyunnyk, Ukrainian writer
May 5 - Mykola Kindratovych Kondratyuk, Ukrainian singer, teacher
May 10 - Ettore Scola, Italian film director
May 15 - Ihor Shankovskyi, Ukrainian literary critic, poet and translator.
Stephen Young, actor
David Wilkerson, American Christian preacher.
June 12 - Yevgenia Miroshnychenko, Ukrainian singer
June 20 - Martin Landau, actor
June 22 - Hennadiy Udovenko, Ukrainian politician
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