1940s

Article

May 25, 2022

The 1940s were a decade in the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1940 and ended on December 31, 1949. Most of World War II, which significantly affected the lives of many countries and people in Europe, Asia and around the world, occurred in the first half of this decade. The consequences of the war continued into the second half of the decade, with the subsequent division of militant Europe into the spheres of influence of the Western world and the Soviet Union, which led to the beginning of the Cold War. To some extent, internal and internal tensions in the postwar era were driven by new institutions, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth, and the Bretton Woods system. The era contributed to economic expansion after World War II, which lasted back to the 1970s. However, the conditions of the post-war world contributed to decolonization and the emergence of new states and governments, India, Pakistan, Israel, Vietnam and others declared independence, although rarely without bloodshed. The decade was also the time of the birth of new technologies (such as computers, nuclear power, and jet engines), often new developments developed through military efforts, and later adapted and improved in the postwar era. Politics and War

Wars

World War II (1939-1945) Nazi Germany invaded Poland, Denmark, Norway, the Benelux, and the Third French Republic from 1939 to 1941. The Soviet Union invaded Poland, Finland, occupied Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania and the Romanian region of Bessarabia from 1939 to 1941. Germany faces Great Britain in the Battle of Britain (1940). It was the first large military company to be run entirely by the air force. It was the largest and longest of the air bombings to date. Germany invades the Soviet Union (June 22, 1941). The United States entered World War II after the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. It would face the Japanese Empire in the Pacific War. Germany and Japan were defeated at the Battle of Stalingrad, the Battle of El Alamein, and the Battle of Midway in 1942 and 1943. Landing in Normandy. The forces of the Anti-Hitler Coalition landed on the shores of Normandy in northern France (June 6, 1944). Nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (6