Nintendo Entertainment System

Article

August 13, 2022

The Nintendo Entertainment System (NES in North America and Europe, Famicom (Family Computer) in Japan, Hyundai Comboy in South Korea) is an eight-bit game console popular in the second half of the 1980s and early 1990s, manufactured by Nintendo. Since 1993, NES appeared in Ukraine and Russia as an illegal Taiwanese clone called Dendy. It was distributed by Steepler. Production of the set-top box was officially discontinued in 1995. India sold a clone of Little Master and Wiz Kid, and Poland had a clone called Pegasus. The novelty turned out to be extremely successful and managed to conquer almost the entire American and Japanese market of home gaming systems. The console was presented with a large package of games, among which the most famous and commercially successful were the games of the Super Mario Bros. family. The main character of these games - Mario - became the mascot of the Nintendo corporation. In total, according to official data, more than 60 million Nintendo Entertainment Systems and more than 500 million games for them were sold. Since the release of the console took place shortly after the crisis of the gaming industry, many critics attribute to it the revival of the gaming market and the opening of the third generation of video consoles, as successful hardware characteristics and a rich library of games aroused the interest of both consumers and developers who turned away from the gaming industry after crisis Since the early 1990s, the popularity of the NES began to decline steadily due to the appearance of more advanced sixteen-bit consoles, first of all, the Sega Mega Drive and the next generation of consoles from Nintendo itself, the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. The release of the console in Japan continued until 2003. In 2009, the Nintendo Entertainment System took first place in the rating of game consoles of all time according to IGN. In 2010, the set-top box celebrated its 25th anniversary since its release. An article dedicated to this event appeared in the official Nintendo Power magazine in November 2010 (#260). In July 2016, a miniature version of the console called the NES Classic Edition was announced, which is expected to be released on November 11, 2016.

History

Launch into production

After the release of several popular arcade machines in the early 1980s, Nintendo decided to release its own console that runs on replaceable cartridges. Designed by Masayuki Uemura and released in Japan on July 15, 1983, the Nintendo Family Computer (Fam