The Beatles

Article

August 8, 2022

"The Beatles" (English: The Beatles) is a British beat rock band, created in 1960 in Liverpool. One of the most commercially successful bands in the history of pop music. The number of sold records of the group exceeds one billion copies, which is a record of the world music industry. The Beatles have topped the UK charts with 15 albums, more than any other artist. The first line-up of the ensemble included: John Lennon (vocals, rhythm guitar), Paul McCartney (vocals, rhythm guitar), George Harrison (vocals, lead guitar), Stuart Sutcliffe (bass guitar) and Pete Best (drums). In 1961, Sutcliffe left the band, and McCartney took over as bass guitarist.

History

Create a band

The members of the future band were born and raised in Liverpool, a city where the strong influence of American pop music was observed at the end of the 1950s. In the spring of 1957, 16-year-old John Lennon, under the influence of the then popular musical direction skiffle and its leading representative Lonnie Donegan, founded a band that included his classmates from the Quarry Bank School. They originally called themselves The Black Jacks, but later changed their name to The Quarrymen after learning that another local band was already using the name. The team was amateur - none of its members had a musical education and did not play any instrument before the song. Lennon himself sang in the church choir as a child, later learned a few tunes on the harmonica and mastered the simplest guitar chords - this was enough to become the leader and soloist of the ensemble. Lennon's neighbor and best friend, Ivan Vaughan, attended the same school as Paul McCartney and was friends with him. At his invitation, McCartney, who also enjoyed contemporary music and played the guitar, attended the band's concert in the garden of St Peter's Parish Church in Woolton, Liverpool, on 6 July 1957. He met Lennon and the other band members and was invited to join the band a few days later. The guys worked well and soon began to write their own songs, which was not a typical phenomenon for those years: usually the performers used either ready-made material or music composed for them