August 13, 2022
The 20th century is the century that began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000; the twentieth century of our era and the tenth century of the II millennium. The world population at the beginning of the century was 1.6 billion, and by the end of the century it had increased to 6 billion. The 20th century was marked by the rapid industrialization of industry, the fall of great empires, and the formation of a large number of new independent states. There was a huge leap in the development of science and information space. The Internet and many technical devices, in particular, the computer, were invented. Mankind went into outer space for the first time. The movement for human rights appeared and gained great influence. Also, in the 20th century, two world wars took place, which led to enormous human losses. Political upheavals caused by the consequences of the First World War led to the emergence and development of new ideologies: communism, fascism and Nazism; then they were condemned by the world community. The spread of atheism and agnosticism grew at a rapid pace, due to which the political activity of the church increased. The development of medicine made it possible to save millions of people from tuberculosis, smallpox, scurvy, hepatitis and many other diseases. On the other hand, new diseases appeared, the most significant of which is AIDS. The average life expectancy of a person has increased significantly. The 20th century brought significant changes to Ukraine as well. At the beginning of the century, its modern territories were divided between the Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires; as a result of the revolution in Russia, Ukrainians gained their own statehood and even more than one, forming the People's Republic of Ukraine and the People's Republic of Kuban, but none of them preserved it. Thus, the Ukrainian lands entered the USSR, and the lands of the Ukrainian People's Republic were united into the Ukrainian SSR. Both world wars took place in Ukraine: combat actions often took place on Ukrainian lands, and Ukrainians took part in wars from different sides that were at war with each other. In the early 1990s, as a result of restructuring in the Soviet Union, Ukraine managed to form an independent state, the Act of Proclamation of Independence of Ukraine was adopted on August 24, 1991.