Dai Viet


May 28, 2022

Dai Viet (Chinese: 大越) or Dai Viet Quoc (Chinese: 大越國) is the national title of Vietnam that existed in two periods from 1054 to 1400 and from 1428 to 1804.


This name officially dates from the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong (1054-1072), the third king of the Ly Dynasty. Before that, since the reign of Dinh Bo Linh, the national name was Dai Co Viet (大瞿越) consisting of Dai (大) meaning big and Co (𡚝) also meaning big. In 1400, after replacing the Tran Dynasty, Ho Quy Ly, the founder of the Ho Dynasty, changed the country's name to Dai Ngu (大虞). In 1407, the Ming Dynasty invaded Dai Ngu and ruled until 1427. In 1428, after gaining independence, Le Loi regained the name Dai Viet and set it as the national title. The national name Dai Viet existed for a total of 723 years, starting from the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong to the reign of King Gia Long (1054–1804), the name Dai Viet was used as the national title during the rule of different political leaders. During the Ly Dynasty, Tran Dynasty, Later Le Dynasty, Mac Dynasty, Tay Son Dynasty and the first 3 years of the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1804). During this process the official name Dai Viet was interrupted once briefly for 27 years during the Ho and Minh dynasties (1400-1427). The history of Dai Viet has had many battles against foreign invaders such as: against the Song army in 1076; against the Yuan - Mongols in 1258, 1285 and 1288; against the Ming army from 1418 - 1428, against the Qing in 1789. There were also periods when the country was divided for a long time, such as the South - North dynasties from 1533 - 1592, the Trinh - Nguyen war from 1627 - 1786. In 1804, King Gia Long changed the country's name to Vietnam, the national name Dai Viet was no longer used.

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Dai Co Viet Dai Ngu Dai Nam Vietnam