Communist Party of America
Communist Party of the United States of America, Communist Party USA, abbreviated as CPUSA) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in the United States.
Founded in 1919, it is already the largest communist party in the United States and has a long and complicated history closely related to the labor movement from the 1920s to 1940s, founding most of the major industrial union of the United States. By the 1950s, the party's influence had been greatly diminished as a result of the cold war that provoked anti-communist agitation during McCarthy's time and has since ceased to be a significant active force in American politics. . This party for many years was led by Gus Hall. One of the most famous former members of the Communist Party of America is Angela Davis. The party's current chairman is John Bachtell.
In 1919, two communist parties named the Communist Party of America (Communist Party of America) and the Communist Labor Party (Communist Labor Party) were established in the United States and operated in secret. Under pressure from the Third International, the two parties united in 1921 under the name of the Labor Party (later changed to the Communist Party of the United States) and continued to operate illegally. In 1924, the Communist Party nominated William Z. Foster as the presidential candidate, but Foster was not supported by the Third International and in 1925 Charles Ruthenberg became the party's leader. In 1927, Charles Ruthenberg died and Jay Lovestone became leader. In 1928, supporters of Lev Davidovich Trotsky were expelled from the party, and in 1929 Jay Lovestone and Benjamin Gitlow were expelled by order of Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin. In the 1932 presidential election, candidate Foster Foster of the Party received 102,991 votes in favor. In 1934, Earl Browder became General Secretary of the Party. In 1939, the Communist Party announced that the number of party members had reached 100,000, while the number of registered party members was only 66,000. After the Soviet-German Pact, many radicals began to leave communist organizations. In 1946, Eugene Dennis became General Secretary of the Party. In the post-war period, the American intelligence program, Project Venona, revealed that many Communists were spying for the Soviet Union against the United States during the war. The Truman government in 1947 created a loyalty program for government employees. Many Communist Party leaders, including Eugene Dennis, were prosecuted for violating the Smith Act, which makes it illegal to educate and advocate for violent overthrow of the government.
In 1950, Senator Joseph McCarthy claimed that Communists had infiltrated the State Department. In 1956, Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev denounced Stalin in a secret speech. The Communist Party of the United States was divided by this speech as well as by the Soviet military's suppression of the revolution in Hungary.
By 1958, the number of party members was down to just 3,000. In 1959, Gus Hall became party leader.
The mouthpiece of the Communist Party of America is the People's World newspaper. In January 2010, the newspaper switched to an online format.
Harvey Klehr, John Earl Haynes, Kirill Mikhaĭlovich Anders