January 14 is the 14th day of the Gregorian calendar. There are 351 days left in the year (352 days in a leap year).
927 – After the capital of Fuzhou was captured, the King of Min Kingdom Yanhan and his wife, Cui, were beheaded, and Wang Yanjun became the ruler of the country, on New Year's Day (8) December of the Year of the Dog. .
1724 - The first Spanish monarch of the Bourbon dynasty, Felipe V, cedes the throne to his eldest son, Luis.
1761 - The Afghan army under Ahmad Shah Durrani defeated the Maratha army in the third Battle of Panipat to contest hegemony in North India.
1775 - Captain James Cook discovers the Willis Islands in the South Atlantic.
1784 - The Confederation Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris ending the American Revolution.
1814 – Peace of Kiel: King Frederik VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in exchange for Pomerania.
1858 - Emperor Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt.
1895 - Through a cabinet conference, Japan declared the Senkaku Islands to be derelict land, officially incorporated into the Japanese map.
1900 - Giacomo Puccini's musical Tosca was premiered in Rome, Italy.
1943 – World War II: Japanese troops begin Operation Ke, a successful operation to evacuate their forces from Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
1943 – World War II: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study next steps in the war.
1950 - Prototype of the Soviet MiG-17 jet fighter makes its first flight.
1953 – Josip Broz Tito takes office as President of Yugoslavia, which he continues to hold until his death in 1980.
1960 – The Reserve Bank of Australia is established, which is the nation's central bank and issuer of banknotes.
1969 – A sudden explosion on the deck of the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 people.
1972 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascends the throne, she is the first queen of Denmark since 1412.
1985 - Hun Sen becomes prime minister of the People's Republic of Cambodia, replacing his predecessor Chan Sy, who died the previous year.
2004 – The flag of the Republic of Georgia, also known as the "five-cross flag", is officially adopted after an approximately 500-year hiatus.
2011 – Tunisian Revolution: Former president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali moves to Saudi Arabia after a series of street protests against him.
2020 – Windows 7 operating system officially ends extended support.
83 BC – Mark Antony, Roman Empire politician and general (d. 30 BC)
1533 – Nguyen Van Giai, politician of the early Le dynasty, ie the 22nd of December in the year of the Tiger (d. 1628)
1697 – Nguyen Phuc Chu, the sixth Nguyen Lord of Dang Trong (d. 1738).
1831 – Alfred von Lewinski, Prussian general (d. 1906)
1861 – Mehmed VI, sultan of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1926)
1875 – Albert Schweitzer, German-French theologian and philosopher, won the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1965)
1884 – Nagata Tetsuzan, Japanese general (d. 1935)
1887 – Hugo Steinhaus, mathematician and teacher