According to the Gregorian calendar, 1895 (Roman numeral: MDCCCXCV) was the year beginning on Tuesday.
January 20: Japanese forces attack Weihai.
February 2: The Japanese invade Wei Hai.
February 13: Ly Hong Chuong is appointed as the great minister of peace with Japan.
March 26: Japan sends troops to occupy Taiwan and the Penghu Islands.
April 17: The Giap Ngo War ends.
May 25: Democratic Republic of Taiwan is established, and Tang Jingsong becomes president.
May 29: Japan attacks Taiwan.
June 3: The Japanese invade Keelung port.
June 6: Tang Jingsong flees to Xiamen.
September 16: Japan establishes Southern Headquarters in Taiwan.
October 11th: In Gia Nghia, an uprising against the Japanese occurred.
October 26: The first Cantonese uprising fails.
December 28: The Lumière brothers show their films to the public for the first time in Paris.
Swiss chemist Amé Pictet synthesizes nicotine.
January 1: J. Edgar Hoover, founder, director of the FBI (died 1972)
January 7: Clara Haskil, Romanian pianist (died 1960)
January 7: Melchior Vischer, German writer (died 1975)
January 8: Béla Zsolt, Hungarian writer and journalist (died 1949)
January 10: Rudolf Kohl, German politician (died 1964)
January 13: Abraham Binder, American composer (died 1966)
January 15: Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1973)
January 18: Johannes Mattfeld, German botanist (died 1951)
January 21: Hans Carl Nipperdey, German jurist (died 1968)
January 24: Albin Zollinger, Swiss writer (died 1936)
January 25: Paolo Marella, Italian Cardinal (died 1984)
January 27: Harry Ruby, American screenwriter and composer (died 1974)
February 1: John Ford, American film director (died 1973)
February 6: Franz Radziwill, German painter (died 1983)
February 8: Fritz Lattke, German painter (died 1980)
February 14: Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (died 1973)
February 14: Wilhelm Burgdorf, German military officer (died 1945)
February 18: Gustav von Wangenheim, German actor, film director (died 1975)
February 19: Louis Calhern, American actor (died 1956)
February 21: Erich Knauf, German journalist and writer (died 1944)
February 21: Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1976)
February 22: Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, Peruvian politician (died 1979)
March 3: Matthew Ridgway, American general (died 1993)
March 3: Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Norwegian economist (died 1973)
March 3: Luigi Cevenini, Italian footballer (died 1968)
March 5: Fritz Usinger, German writer (died 1982)
March 7: Juan José Castro, Argentine composer (died 1968)
March 7: Hugo Tetrode, Dutch natural scientist (died 1931)
March 9: Adolf Scheibe, German engineer and inventor (died 1958)
March 10: Fritz Koelle, German sculptor (died 1953)
March 13: Vardis Fisher, American writer (died 1968)
March 15: Albert Finck, German politician (died 1956)
March 18: Walter Rheiner, German poet and writer (died 1925)
March 18: Wilhelm Rexrodt, German politician (died 1969)
March 19: Ion Barbu, Romanian writer and mathematician (died 1961)
March 23: Edna Mayo, American actress (died 1970)
March 29: Ernst Jünger, German writer, publisher (died 1998)
March 30: Jean Giono, French writer (died 1970)
March 31: Otto Griebel, h