Antonio Stradivari (1644 – 18 December 1737) was an Italian luthier specializing in stringed instruments such as violin, cello, guitar and harp. Stradivari is considered by the art world to be the most famous artist in his field. The instruments he made were known as the Stradivarius (Latinized name of the artist) and are now considered treasures by performers and orchestras.
Although Antonio Stradivari's date of birth is unknown, it is thought that he was born in 1644 in the small Italian city of Cremona. Between 1658 and 1664 he was most likely an apprentice in the workshop of the craftsman Nicolò Amati, although recent studies have shown this assumption to have little basis for fact. In July 1667 Stradivari married Francesca Feraboschim, a young widow. The couple had six children before Feraboschim died in 1698. A year later Stradivari remarried to Antonia Maria Zambelli and had five more children with Zambelli.
In 1680 Stradivari opened a workshop at Piazza San Domenico, Cremona, his reputation for skill quickly became known. His musical instruments are qualified by the Latin inscription Antonius Stradivarius Cremonensis Faciebat Anno... (Antonio Stradivari of Cremona made the instrument in...). The quality of Stradivari's production peaked between 1698-1725, culminating in 1715. After 1730, some Stradivari instruments were labeled Sotto la Desciplina d'Antonio Stradivari, most likely made. by the artisan's sons Omobono and Francesco.
Antonio Stradivari died in Cremona on December 18, 1737, he was buried in the Church of San Domenico in Cremona. In 1868 this church was demolished, in the process of demolishing the church, traces of the Stradivari family's crypt were discovered in the Rosary chapel.
Stradivari's instruments are known by the name Stradivarius, which comes from the Latinized artist's name. Stradivari's most made musical instrument is the violin, in addition, the artist also makes guitar, viola, cello and harp. In total, Stradivari produced more than 1,101 instruments, of which 650 are still preserved to this day. In the artistic world, Stradivarius are considered to have the highest sound quality of any string instrument, with only the instruments of another Italian artist, Joseph Guarneri, considered to be of equal quality. Today's Stradivarius are treasures of great performers and orchestras. On May 16, 2006, the Hammer Stradivarius violin was sold by Christie's for $3,544,000, a record price for an instrument at the time. The musical instrument that holds the record price before the Hammer Stradivarius is also a product of Antonio Stradivari, the Lady Tennant Stradivarius violin was sold by Christie's in 2005 for $2,032,000. On April 2, 2007, Antonio Stradivari's Solomon, Ex-Lambert violin was sold by Christie's for $2,728,000, far exceeding the auctioneer's estimate of $1.5 million. Private sales are often more accurate examples.
Some Stradivarius cellos are owned and played by artists