Bão Cecil (1985)


October 17, 2021

Typhoon Cecil, known in the Philippines as Tropical Depression Rubing, in Vietnam as Typhoon No. 8 in 1985 was a very powerful tropical cyclone that made landfall in the Central Central region of Vietnam on the night of the 15th. dawn on October 16, 1985. Cecil is considered the biggest storm in the past 100 years to hit the area, and it caused severe damage. Not only in Vietnam, the storm also had impacts on the Philippines, Laos and Thailand; however to a smaller scale and extent. Forming from a low vortex in the Caroline Island area, the system quickly moved into the South China Sea and strengthened into Typhoon Cecil, then became a Category 3 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale) on May 15. 10 on the waters of Binh Tri Thien - Nghia Binh. On the night of October 15 and early morning, October 16, the storm made landfall and devastated Binh Tri Thien province, the center of the storm swept through Hue city, killing 703 people, destroying a series of structures, thousands of hectares. Crops were damaged and damage was estimated at at least $65 million. The storm has entered the indelible memories of millions of people living and having lived in the ancient capital of Hue. After the storm, the French Conference and Development Organization established a project to prevent natural disasters and build permanent housing for people in Central Vietnam and this project received an international award for housing. of the United Nations in 2008. 28 years after the storm Cecil made landfall, September 30, 2013 and October 15, 2013, respectively, two storms Wutip and Nari also devastated the area.

Meteorological history

On October 8, 1985, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) detected a depression formed by convective clouds in an area of ​​low pressure south of the Caroline Islands. After passing through the Palau area on October 9, the low vortex moved to the northwest and made landfall on the island of Mindanao (Philippines). Passing the southern Philippines, on October 12, the low entered the South China Sea and was monitored by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) as a tropical depression. On the same day, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) gave the tropical depression the local name "Rubing". The JTWC also issued a "Tropical Cyclone Formation Warning" for the system and assigned the number 20W, shortly after that 20W was declared a tropical storm and named internationally as Cecil. By the afternoon of the same day, the JMA had elevated Cecil to a tropical storm, with the international symbol 8521. At this time, the agencies were all determined that the storm would make landfall in central Vietnam. The storm then began moving northwest, and the JTWC announced that Cecil had strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane on October 13, and that afternoon the JMA also upgraded Cecil to a hurricane. intense tropical. Late on October 13, the JTWC detected that the storm had formed an eye. On this day, PAGASA officially declared the storm to have left the area monitored by the meteorological agency. The next day, the JMA officially announced that Cecil had strengthened into a typhoon. On October 15, the agency declared Cecil peak intensity

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