Che Bong Nga

Article

May 28, 2022

Po Binasuor or more widely known as Che Bong Nga (Chinese-Vietnamese: 制蓬峩, ? - January 23, 1390 AD), after the name of the Ede and Giarai people in the Central Highlands as R 'Hash B'nga (Anak Orang Cham Bunga, meaning "Light flower of the Champa people") Bhinethuor, Che Bunga or A Da A fake (Chinese: 阿荅阿者, Ngo-ta Ngo-che) in the Chinese documents, is the title of the third king of the 12th dynasty (ie the 39th king) of the state of Champa. As an outstanding king, capable of martial arts, during his rule, he revived the state of Champa from a decadent nation to become powerful. During the period 1367–1389, he sent North Vietnamese troops 12 times to punish Dai Viet to recapture the lands of Chau O and Chau Ly which had been transferred to Dai Viet government during the reign of King Che Man. In 1377, King Tran Due Tong led his army to counterattack into Champa. Che Bong Nga lured Dai Viet troops to Do Ban citadel, then poured out an ambush to kill King Tran Due Tong and most of the Vietnamese army. This victory scared the Dai Viet court, later whenever Che Bong Nga moved north, the emperor Tran Nghe Tong, the Tran kings after Due Tong, and the commentator Le Quy Ly left the capital and ran away. In this war, he had a total of 3 attacks against the capital Thang Long. In 1390, he died after being hit by a bullet at the Battle of Hai Trieu. His death closed a heroic page in the history of Champa. Che Bong Nga is considered the last great king of the Champa kingdom because after his death, the Cham country could no longer rise up like before.

Career

Che Bong Nga is the youngest son of King Che A Nang and his uncle Zainal Abidin. After Che A Nang died, his son-in-law Tra Hoa won the throne. After King Tra Hoa died, Che Bong Nga was honored by the court as the next king.

Beat Dai Viet

After ascending the throne for a while, Che Bong Nga realized that the Tran army was no longer as powerful as before, so he wanted to send the Northern army to punish. In 1361, Che Bong Nga sent troops by sea to attack the mouth of Di Ly sea (in present day Quang Binh province), causing Dai Viet's army to flee. The Chiem army plundered and massacred the people and then returned to the sea. King Tran Du Tong immediately ordered the defense. The next year, the Cham people came to harass Hoa Chau again, burning many houses. King Tran ordered Do Tu Binh to bring troops to defend, consolidate and reorganize the armies of Thuan Hoa. In 1365, on the occasion of men and women having fun on the spring day of At Ti, the Cham people ambushed in the hilly areas. suddenly rushed out to kidnap these young people and then ran away. A year later, the Cham continued to use the old technique, but General Tran Pham A Song made a backup first, so he counterattacked to chase it away. In January 1368, Tran Du Tong appointed Tran The Hung to be the commander of the army to guide the comrades, and Do Tu Binh to be the deputy, to bring troops to pacify Champa. In April 1368, the Tran army entered Champa (Quang Nam region). Chiem army set up an ambush, the Tran army fell into an ambush and lost the battle. Tran The Hung was arrested, Do Tu Binh escaped, bringing the remnants of his army back to the country. Realizing that the army of the Tran Dynasty was getting worse and worse, Che Bon