Arab-Israeli War 1948
The 1948 Arab–Israeli War, known to Jews as the War of Independence and War of Liberation and to Palestinians as al Nakba (Arabic: النكبة, "the Catastrophe") was the first war. in a series of wars between Israel and neighboring Arab countries.
The war broke out shortly after the end of the British Mandate in Palestine on 15 May 1948, continuing the period of civil war 1947-1948, when the Arabs rejected UN Security Council Resolution 181 to established an Arab state and a Jewish state on this land. The fighting took place largely in the British Mandate of Palestine and for a short time in the Sinai Peninsula. The war ended with the 1949 Armistice, but the Arab-Israeli Conflict continued.
The Origin of the War
After the Ottoman Empire was defeated in World War I, the Allies met in San Remo, Italy on 18–26 April to discuss the terms of a treaty with Turkey. The conclusion of the meeting essentially confirmed the terms of the First London negotiations and the Sykes-Picot agreement of 16 May 1916 and the Balfour Declaration of 12 November 1917. By agreement, France was granted mandate to manage Syria and Britain to manage Mesopotamia and Palestine, the border will be established by the major powers participating in the negotiations.
During the meeting in Cairo and Jerusalem between Winston Churchill and Prince Abdullah (later King Abdullah I of Jordan) in March 1921, they agreed that Abdullah would govern the Transjordan territory (for six months) to represent the side. Palestine. As of the summer of 1921, the Transjordan region was still in the Mandate, but not in the Jewish Homeland provisions. On July 24, 1922, the League of Nations approved the terms of the mandate for Britain of Palestine and the Transjordan. On September 16, the League of Nations formally approved Lord Balfour's memorandum, excluding Transjordan in terms of the establishment of a nation for the Jews.
By 1922, the Palestinian population consisted of about 589,200 Muslims, 83,800 Jews, 71,500 Christians, and another 7,600 (Census 1922). However, in this region there was a large exodus of Jews (most of them fleeing persecution in Europe). The refugee exodus and the call for the creation of a Jewish state provoked a fierce reaction from the native Arab population, as the Arabs were rumored to be Jews plotting to enslave the Arabs and expel the population. native is not Jewish.
Under the leadership of Amin al-Husayni, the Grand Imam of Jerusalem, the Arabs rebelled against the British and repeatedly attacked the Jewish population. The sporadic attacks began with the Arab revolt of 1920 and the Jaffa uprising of 1921. During the 1929 uprising, 67 Jews were killed in Hebron, survivors being taken by the authorities. blame Britain for the evacuation.
Arab uprising (1936–1939) and its aftermath
In the late 1920s and early 1930s, some Pale