Second World War

Article

May 19, 2022

World War II (also known as World War II, World War II or World War II) was a world war that began around 1939 and ended in the year 1939. 1945. The war involved the vast majority of the world's nations — including all major powers — forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. In the face of an all-out war, World War II involved the direct involvement of more than 100 million personnel from more than 30 countries. The main warring parties poured all their economic, industrial, and scientific resources into the war effort, blurring the lines between civilian and military resources. World War II was the bloodiest conflict in human history, causing the deaths of 70 to 85 million people, with more civilian deaths than soldiers. Tens of millions of people have died in massacres, genocides (including the Holocaust), from lack of food or from disease. Aircraft played an important role in the course of the war, including strategic bombing of population centers, and for the development of nuclear weapons and the only two uses of such weapons in the past. war. Although opinions vary, World War II is generally considered to have begun when Germany launched the invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939, followed by the declaration of both Great Britain and France. war with Germany two days later. From late 1939 to early 1941, through a series of military campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of mainland Europe, and formed Axis alliances with Italy and Japan. as well as with a number of other countries afterwards. Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact signed in August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union divided and annexed the territories of neighboring European countries including Poland, Finland, Romania and the Baltic states. After the campaigns in North and East Africa began and the fall of France in mid-1940, the war continued mainly between the Axis powers of Europe and the British Empire, with hostilities in the Balkans, the Battle of Britain (Blitz) and the Battle of the Atlantic. On June 22, 1941, Germany led the European Axis powers to invade the Soviet Union, opening the Eastern Front. As the largest land battlefield in history, the war with the Soviet Union left the Axis armies, mainly the German Wehrmacht, mired in a war of attrition. With ambitions to dominate Asia and the Pacific, Japan went to war with the Republic of China in 1937. In December 1941, Japan launched an almost simultaneous attack on the territories of the United States and Great Britain. in Southeast Asia and the Central Pacific, including the attack on the US fleet based at Pearl Harbor. After the United States and Great Britain declared war on Japan, the European Axis countries declared war on the United States as committed in the alliance treaty. Japan quickly dominated much of the Western Pacific, but their advance was halted after losing the crucial Battle of Midway.