Catholic Church

Article

May 19, 2022

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the Christian church in full communion with the bishop of Rome, currently Pope Francis. The Catholic Church is the largest religious denomination in the world, with over 1.3 billion members, as of 2018. Believers profess the Roman Catholic Church to be the only church led by Jesus Christ himself (Christ or Jesus Christ). Christianity, formerly transliterated as Kirito, meaning "anointed one") is founded on the apostles of Jesus, the pope being the successor of the chief apostle Peter, and the bishops being the successors. other apostles. Under the leadership of the Pope, the Catholic Church defines its mission as spreading the Gospel of Jesus Christ, celebrating the sacraments - especially the Eucharist - and practicing charity. Mary also occupies an important place in the Catholic faith. They venerate her because they believe that she received God's privileges that no other woman has: immaculate from original sin, mother of God, virgin for life, and ascended to heaven body and soul. As one of the oldest religious organizations in the world, the Catholic Church has played a prominent role in the history of Western civilization. It is also the largest and most tightly organized religion. The universal Catholic Church is geographically divided into dioceses in many countries; The head of each diocese is a bishop.

Term

The term Catholic comes from the Greek word καθολικός (katholikos), meaning "universal", "common" - first used to describe the Church in the early 2nd Century. The word Katholikos is the adjective form of the word 'καθόλου'' (katholou) resulting from the combination of two words κατὰ ὅλου (kata holou), which means "according to the whole". The above etymology is translated into Vietnamese as "Catholic". Thus the name Catholic Church means "universal Church". Since the East-West Schism in 1054, some churches have remained in communion with the Roman See (including the diocese of Rome, the bishop of this diocese is the Pope, or the supreme patriarch). and still use the name "Catholic". Meanwhile, other churches in the East began to reject the supreme authority of the Pope, and they considered their own churches to be the "orthodox" churches that had inherited the original from the time of Jesus, so the new show the name of Eastern Orthodoxy. After the Protestant Reformation of the 16th Century, the churches "in communion with the Bishop of Rome" continued to use the word "Catholic" to refer to themselves, to distinguish them from the split sects, which commonly known as the Gospel. There is a lot of disagreement about the terminology between "Roman Catholic Church" and "Catholic Church", due to the fact that some other branches of Christianity also claim to be "Catholic" (i.e. the Catholic religion). Universal). In particular, the Eastern Orthodox prefer to apply the term "Roman Catholic Church" to designate this ecclesiastical center in Rome, to distinguish it from the Eastern churches centered in Consta.