Josip Broz Tito
Josip Broz Tito (Serbian: Јосип Броз Тито, 7 or 25 May 1892 – 4 May 1980) was a Yugoslavian revolutionary and statesman. He was general secretary and later president of the Union. Union of Communists of Yugoslavia (from 1939 to 1980), participated in and led the Yugoslav resistance during World War II.After the war he became acting prime minister (1945–63) and then became president (1953–80) of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. From 1943 until his death, Tito held the rank of Marshal, commander-in-chief of the Yugoslav People's Army ( JNA).
Tito was the founder of the second nation of Yugoslavia, which lasted from World War II to 1991. Although one of the original members of the Cominform, Tito was the first and only European. capable of resisting Soviet control as a small country, in the world there were two communist governments that were not part of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Mao Zedong's government of the People's Republic of China. The East seceded from the Soviet Union in 1959 but was a big country, in addition, Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge government, although not part of the Soviet Union, was pro-China. Because Yugoslavia was not part of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia belonged to the Non-Aligned Movement, neither against nor against either side of the two opposing Cold War factions.
Before World War I
Josip Broz was born in Kumrovec in Croatia, then a colony of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He is the seventh child of Croatian Franjo Broz and Slovene Marija Broz. As a child, he lived with his grandfather. In 1907 Broz went to Sisak province to study as a mechanic and joined the workers' movement in 1910 and joined the Croatian Social Democrats. During the years 1911 - 1913 Broz worked at many companies everywhere and also worked for the car company Benz in Germany and Daimler in Austria.
In the fall of 1912, Broz was conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian Empire and made sergeant major of the 25th Croatian Regiment at Zagreb. May 1914 Broz won a silver medal in fencing in Budapest. At the outbreak of World War I Broz was sent to Ruma but was imprisoned for inciting an anti-war movement. In January 1915 Broz was sent to war in the East, against the Russians. There he fought bravely and was rewarded, becoming the youngest sergeant major of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. On March 25, 1915, he was fatally shot and taken prisoner by the Russians.
Prisoners and Russian Revolution
After 13 months of convalescence, Broz was exiled to a labor camp in the Ural mountains, the prisoners chose him as camp leader. In February 1917, the workers revolted to raid and open the camp door. Broz then joined the Bolsheviks. He was arrested in April but escaped and joined the July protests in Petrograd. On the way to Finland Broz was arrested again, but on the way out of the prison he jumped from the train to escape and took refuge in the family of a Russian. There he met Miss Pelagija Belousova. After the October Revolution Broz joined the Russian Red Army at Omsk. When attacked by the White Army, Broz fled to Kirgiziya and then to Omsk, where he married Pelagija Belousova.
In the spring of 1918 Broz joined the p