Liberia

Article

May 19, 2022

The Republic of Liberia (Vietnamese: Liberia) is a country located in West Africa, bordering Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d'Ivoire.

Etymology

The etymology of the place name "Liberia" is "free land".

History

Liberia was founded in 1822 as a settlement for slaves liberated from the United States and repatriated to Africa. In 1847 Liberia became an independent country. The capital Monrovia honors US President James Monroe (1758-1831). Although this country was formed by black slaves returning from North America to settle down, the vast majority of Liberian people are aboriginals of 16 indigenous tribes. The political situation in Liberia was relatively stable for a long time, although there were some disputes between African Americans and Native Americans. From 1885 to 1910, the boundaries of Liberia were demarcated through agreements with the British and French empires. Since 1920, the country has made remarkable progress in moving inland. This process was greatly accelerated by the construction of a 69 km railway line from Monrovia to Bomi Hills. In July 1971, President William V. Tubman died after surgery. Vice President William R. Tolbert continued to lead the country. In April 1980, a military coup overthrew the regime of William Tolbert, Samuel K. Doe to power, but Doe himself was overthrown and assassinated during the outbreak of civil war in 1990. The conflict ended. 1996 and multi-party elections took place in 1997. The leader of the National Patriotic Front party, Charles Taylor, became President. In 2000, the European Union suspended funding for Charles Taylor, accusing Taylor of supporting rebels in Sierra Leone. In August 2003, a comprehensive peace agreement ended 14 years of civil war and prompted the resignation of predecessor president Charles Taylor, who went into exile in Nigeria. After two years of transitional government rule, democratic elections brought President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf to power at the end of 2005. Presidential and constitutional elections were free and fair everywhere regardless Disregarding the dishonest allegation from Johnson-Sirleaf's rival George Weah. The United Nations Commission in Liberia (UNMIL), the ubiquitous presence in the country, completed its disarmament program for former soldiers at the end of 2004, but the security situation remains unstable and the process of rebuilding the socio-economic structure of this war-torn nation is still very slow.

West African natives

Citizens from USA

Important mid-twentieth century events

First Civil War (1989-1997)

A civil war between two factions: the Liberian government (led by Doe in 1990 and then overthrown and taken over by Hezekiah Bowen-Commander-in-Chief of the ALF) and the NPLF-National Patriotic Front of Liberia. Patriotic Nationality of Liberia; led by Taylor, Johnson, Yeaten, Dokie and Woewiyu; against the ALF and the Liberian government), the civil war plunged the country into a severe crisis, resulting in the deaths of 200,000 people (including civilians). people). The final results showed that Taylor won and then became the president of Liberia.

Transitional government and elections

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