Luang Prabang

Article

May 19, 2022

Louangphabang (Laos: ຫລວງພະບາງ) or Luang Phabang (pronounced [lǔaŋ pʰa.làːŋ]), often transliterated into Western languages ​​from the pre-1975 Laotian spelling ຫຼວງພຣະບາງ (ຣ r) is Luang Prabang, which is A city in north-central Laos, on the east bank (left bank) of the Mekong River, on a peninsula at the confluence of the Nam Khan and Mekong rivers. It was recognized as a world cultural heritage site by UNESCO in 1995. The city is the ancient capital of Laos, famous for its many Buddhist temples and monasteries. The city is part of Louangphabang District in Louangphabang Province and is the capital and administrative center of the province. It is located 300 km (190 mi) north of Vientiane. The current population is around 56,000 with the UNESCO protected area having a population of around 24,000.

Name

In the noun Luang Pha Bang, "Luong" is a Tay-Thai word, meaning the root means big, big. In the Lao language, "lung" has also turned into a separate noun to refer to a noble person, a person of high authority, meaning "person", "virtue". "Pha" is a Lao Sanskrit word, used to refer to Buddha or a monk and when standing before a noun referring to a person, it indicates the sacred and sublime nature of that character. And "bang" is a "pure Lao", meaning "thin" (original meaning), "slender", "slender", similar in many Tay - Thai languages. Literally translated, the three words "Luong Pha Bang" mean "Slender Buddha". In Tay - Nung language, "luong" means Dragon, "pha" means Heaven, "bang" thin, plus all the words translated in Tay - Nung means "thin dragon". According to Vietnamese ancient bibliographies, this place is also known as Nam Chuong, and according to Dai Nam's main compilation of stories, it is also called Lao Long Quoc, customary called Lao Qua Gia, Muong Luong or Muong Luong. Louangphabang literally means "Royal Buddha Image", is a cityIt is also known by the ancient name Xieng Thong..

History

Muang Sua or Muang Swa, Muong Xoa is the old name of Louangphabang. Lao history records that Khun Lo, a leader of the Thai ethnic group, took over this country in 698, when the Nam Chieu army was busy fighting in the other side. Khun Lo was given that city by his father, King Nam Chieu Khun Borom. Khun Borom is associated with the Lao legend about the founding of the world, the common legend of the Lao people with the Shan people and other ethnic groups in the region. Khun Lo established a dynasty with fifteen successive kings ruling the independent Muong Xa region and was a period of tranquility lasting a century. In the second half of the 8th century, Nanzhao often interfered in the affairs of the principalities of the central Mekong Delta, leading to the capture of Muong Xa in 709. Princes of Nanzhao or other rulers took their place. Thai noble lords. The duration of this occupation is unknown, but it probably ended before the Northern advance of the Khmer Empire under King Indravarman I (c. 877-89) and extended into the territories of the Khmer Empire. of Sipsong Panna in the upper Mekong. At the same time, the Khmer established an outpost at Xay Fong near Vientiane, and Champa extended as far as southern Laos.