Luis I of Spain


January 20, 2022

Luis I (Spanish: Luis Felipe; 25 August 1707 – 31 August 1724) was King of Spain who reigned from 15 January 1724 until his death in August of the same year. His reign was one of the shortest in history, lasting just over seven months.

Prince of Spain

Born at the Palacio del Buen Retiro, in Madrid, the eldest son of the reigning King Felipe V of Spain and Queen Maria Luisa of Savoy.

Duke of Asturias

At birth he was the heir apparent but was not given the traditional title of "Duke of Asturias" until April 1709. In 1714, when Luis was just seven years old, his mother died leaving him and his children alone. Children include Prince Fernando and Prince Felipe Pedro. In the end, on December 24, 1714, the King of Spain, Luis' father decided to go the extra mile when he married the young female heiress of the Duchy of Parma, Elisabeth Farnese.


Being the heir to not only the entire vast Spanish empire but also a whole new dynasty, led to the decision that Louis would have to take a wife as soon as possible. On 20 January 1722, in Lerma, he met and married Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, daughter of Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans, cousin of Luis' father and later Regent of France . This marriage brought a huge dowry amounting to 4 million livre.

King of Spain

Luis reigned for a short time from when his father Felipe V abdicated in favor of him (January 14, 1724) until his death of smallpox, just over seven months later. After Luis' death, his father returned to the throne and reigned until his death in 1746. Luis is buried in the Cripta Real del Monasterio de El Escorial part of the El Escorial complex.




Danvila, Alfonso. El reinado relámpago, Luis I y Luisa Isabel de Orleáns, 1707–1724. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1952. Reprint of Luis I y Luisa Isabel de Orleans: el reinado relámpago. Madrid: Alderaban, 1997.

External links

Luis I of Spain

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