Manga (漫画 (manga)/ まんが/ マンガ, Manga listen ) is a Japanese phrase for Japanese comics and caricatures. Outside of Japan, Manga alludes to the distinctive character of Japanese manga, or as a style of manga popular in Japan that is often depicted by colorful graphics, lively characters and great themes.
"Manga" roughly translates to "moving or fluctuating images". The word was first published and commonly used in the 18th century with Santō Kyōden's Shiji no yukikai (1798) and in the early 19th century with the hyakujo manga (1814). ) by Aikawa Minwa and famous artist Hokusai Manga has classified the drawings from the drawing books of the famous ukiyo-e work of the artist Hokusai. Rakuten Kitazawa (1876–1955) was the first person to use the word "manga" in the modern world's perspective. Instead of using the word manga like other countries in the world, to correctly refer to the manga itself. Japan, the Japanese use the word Nihon no manga - 日本の漫画. The word Manga-ka (漫画家 (manager)) corresponds to a manga artist who specializes in writing and drawing manga.
The history of manga started very early. In Japan, people soon became interested in a type of picture art (later manga). Manga of this period was still simply short comic strips. However, its entertainment value is something no one can deny. Not only that, manga also holds an important and important position throughout the history of Japanese art. Manga evolved from ukiyo-e in a drawing style. It developed rapidly after World War II. Manga was read by most categories in Japan. Since most nouns in Japanese are not plural, manga can be used to refer to a variety of manga, sometimes also written in English as mangas.
Between the sixth and seventh centuries, monks used engraved parchment scrolls as a kind of calendar for keeping track of time. These scrolls include symbolic symbols representing time, and are often decorated with images of animals such as foxes, pandas, etc. with human-like movements (called giga, or giga). more precisely choju-jinbutsu-giga a joke about animals and people). This can be considered as the premise of the Manga.
It was not until the end of the 18th century that the term "manga" really came to be used to refer to this art form with the appearance of the first works such as "Mankaku zuihitsu" by Suzuki Kankei, the picture collection "Shijino Yukikai" by Santo Kyoden. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, there was Aikawa Minwa's "Manga hyakujo" and a collection of Houkusai paintings (manga compiled and classified from the works of the famous wood-color artist Houkusai).
The term Manga was perfected by the artist Hokusai (this is not his real name), an artist who lived with a completely different painting philosophy from the art scene at that time. With a somewhat rebellious personality, Hokusai is known for his willingness to contradict his teacher, constantly challenging his teachers.