Everest

Article

January 20, 2022

Mount Everest (other name: Mount Chomolungma) is the highest mountain on Earth above sea level, up to the present time is 8848.86 meters, it has decreased in height by 2.4 cm after the earthquake in Nepal April 25, 2015 and has moved 3 cm to the southwest. The border between Nepal and China (Tibet) runs through Mount Everest. The current official elevation is 8,848.86 m (29,032 ft), recognized by China and Nepal, as established by a 1955 Indian survey and confirmed by a 1975 Chinese survey. Country. In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society, at the suggestion of Andrew Waugh, the British Superintendent of India, who chose the name of his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest, despite Everest's objections.

Name

In Nepal, it is named Sagarmatha (Sanskrit: सगरमस्तका sagaramastakā, "heavenly forehead"). In Tibetan, it is called Chomolangma (ཇོ་མོ་ཀླུངས་མ་ jo mo klungs ma, meaning "Holy Mother of the Universe"). In Chinese, it has a transliterated name from Tibetan as Chow Mu Lang Mafeng (珠穆朗瑪峰), (transliteration: Zhūmùlǎngmǎ fēng) or translated as Holy Mother Wind (聖母峰), (transliteration: Shèngmǔ) fēng) "the top of the mountain of the Holy Mother". The mountain was given its English name by Andrew Scott Waugh, the British India's chief observation officer. With both Nepal and Tibet closed to foreigners, he wrote: So Waugh chose to name the mountain after Sir George Everest, first using the spelling Mont Everest, and then Mount Everest. However, the modern pronunciation of Everest – IPA: [ˈɛvərɪst] or [ˈɛvərɨst] (EV-er-est) – differs from Sir George's pronunciation of the surname [ˈiv;rɪst] (EAVE-rest). The Nepali name Sagarmatha was introduced in the early 1960s when the Nepalese government realized that Mount Everest did not have a name in the Nepali language. This happens because the mountain is unknown and named after an ethnic minority in Nepal (Kathmandu valley and surrounding area). The Sherpa/Tibetan name Chomolangma was not accepted as it was against the idea of ​​unifying Nepal.

Measurements

Radhanath Sikdar, an Indian mathematician and surveyor from Bengal, was the first to identify Everest as the world's tallest mountain in 1852, using trigonometric calculations based on theodolite measurements from a distance of 240 km (150 miles) towards the interior of India. Before being measured and named, it was named Peak XV by the survey team. Mount Everest is about 8,848 m (29,029 ft) high, although there is some slight variation in the different measurements. Mount K2 is the second highest at 8,611 m (28,251 feet). The deepest point in the ocean is more than Everest's height: The Challenger Abyss, located in the Mariana Valley, is so deep that if Everest were to be placed there, more than 2 km (1.25 mi) of additional water would be needed to cover it on the side. above. Mount Everest is the highest peak on Earth compared to sea level, and compared to the distance to the center of the Earth, the Chimborazo volcano in the Andes in Ecuador is farther (6,382.3 km compared to 6,384.4 km); the reason is that the earth is not

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