January 18, 2022
New Year or New Year (新年) is the time when a calendar year begins and year counting is increased by one unit. Different cultures celebrate this event according to their own customs. The New Year of the Gregorian Calendar, the most widely used calendar system today, the new year is celebrated on January 1. The Roman Calendar ( at least after 713 BC) and was followed by the Julian Calendar, which also took January 1 as the New Year date. For historical reasons, many other calendar systems are used in different parts of the world, some using numerals for the year, others not. The month sequence is from January to December in the Roman calendar during the reign of Numa Pompilius around 700 BC according to Plutarch and Macrobius and has been continuously used since then. Many countries such as the Czech Republic, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States mark January 1 as a national holiday. During the Middle Ages in Western Europe, while the Julian calendar was still in use, the authorities in many places changed the start of the new year: March 1, March 25, Easter, September 1, and March 1. December 25. The change from 25 March, the Annunciation, one of the four First Quarter Days - to 1 January took place in Scotland in 1600, before James VI of Scotland was crowned King of England in 1603 and before at the founding of Great Britain in 1707. In England and Wales (and in all British territories, including British colonies of the Americas), the year 1751 began on 25 March and lasted 282 days, while 1752 began on January 1. Since 1582, after the Ratification of the Gregorian calendar, changing the old Calendar to the new, the New Year event was again held on the same day of January 1. The widespread official use of the Gregorian calendar makes the New Year's date of January 1 of the calendar almost universal. Many regions and localities around the world use different calendar systems with many distinctive cultural practices and beliefs associated with them. In Latin America, many indigenous cultures continue to practice traditional rituals based on their own calendars. Israel, China, India and many other countries continue to celebrate their New Year on different days. Below is a list of the most popular New Year's events in modern times, sorted and grouped by relative comparison to the Gregorian calendar.