Nanhua Kinh

Article

May 19, 2022

Chuang Tzu, more commonly known in Vietnamese as the Nanhua Kinh, is a Chinese literary and philosophical work of the late Warring States Period (476–221 BC) often attributed to Zhuang Zhou. . The work contains many classics and parables expressing the Taoist state of mind. The Nanhua Kinh and the Tao Te Ching are the two most important works of Taoism. Nanhua Kinh is a collection of anecdotes, parables, important sayings and proverbs expressed by unique artistic methods. The anecdotes and parables in the Nanhua Kinh present the ideological and philosophical viewpoints of human life, as well as the human perception of market and evil, good and evil, life and death, and the relationship between man and nature. While other Chinese philosophers often focus on ethical issues or the responsibility of each individual, Trang Chu emphasizes the unconditioned, directing people to the realm of self-destruction to attain the Way. Although commonly known as a philosophical work, the Nanhua Kinh is considered one of the greatest literary works in the history of Chinese literature, listed by Kim Thanh Than as first in the continent. Tai Tu Thu and is considered by modern scholars to be "the most important work of the Xian Qin period in the study of Chinese literature". A masterpiece in both philosophy and literature, the Nanhua Kinh has had a profound influence on many Chinese and co-literate authors throughout its 2,000-year history. Many famous writers and poets such as Sima Tuong Nhu, Sima Thien of the Western Han Dynasty, Nguyen Tich, and Dao Qian of the Wei-Jin-South-North dynasties (222–589), Li Bai of the Tang Dynasty (618–907) , To Dong Pha and Luc Du of the Song Dynasty (960–1279), or Nguyen Trai of the Early Le Dynasty (1428–1527) in Vietnam, and Matsuo Bashō of the Edo period (1603–1868) in Japan were all deeply influenced by Southern Vietnam. Flower Kinh.

History

Author and content history

The Nanhua Kinh is often said to have been written by Zhuang Zhou, also known as the Chuang Tzu, during the Warring States period. The legends handed down about Trang Chu's life are very vague. He is believed to have been born around 369 BC in the land of Mong (蒙), Song state (modern Shangqiu, Henan) and died around 301, 295, or 286 BC. Trang Chu probably lived for some time in the state of Chu and then in the capital of Lin Truyen of the state of Qi. Although his biography is recorded by Sima Thien in the "Zhuangzi List of Tales" of the History Book, most of the information about him in this work seems to have been drawn only from the legends in the Nanhua Kinh. Since the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220), only the first seven verses of the Nanhua Kinh, known as the "Inner Heaven" (內篇), have been identified as being written by Zhuang Zhou himself – a view widely shared accepted by today's great scholars. However, whether any of the remaining 26 Tiantians belong to "Outer Heaven" (外篇) and "Tai Tian" (雜篇) written by Zhuang Zhou has always been a subject of debate in the world. research. Chinese scholars from the Song Dynasty have determined that part of the work may not have been written by Zhuang Zhou but was added by posterity. Not sure about the author though