January 18, 2022
A character (sometimes called a fictional character) is a person or object in a narrative (such as a novel, play, television series, film, or video game). The character may be entirely fictitious or based on a real person, in which case a "fictional" from "real" character can be distinguished. Character, especially when acted upon in a theater or movie theater, is the "imitation of a human being". In literature, characters guide readers through their stories, helping them understand plots and themes to ponder. Since the late 18th century, the phrase "living with the character" has been used to describe an effective impersonation of an actor. Since the 19th century, the art of characterizing, performed by actors or writers, has been called personification. A character representing a particular class or group of people is called a character type. These character types include stock traders and more fully personalized types. The characters in Henrik Ibsen's Hedda Gabler (1891) and August Strindberg's Miss Julie (1888), are representative of specific positions in the social relations of class and gender, to the extent that conflicts between the character reveals ideological contradictions. Studying a character requires analyzing its relationship to all other characters in the work. A character's personal state is determined through the network of oppositions (proairetic, pragmatic, linguistic, communicative) that the character forms with other characters. The relationship between the characters and the actions of the story changes throughout history, often mimicking changes in society and its ideas about human individuality, self-determination, and social order.