Japan

Article

May 19, 2022

Japan (Japanese: 日本, Hepburn: Nihon or Nippon), commonly referred to as Japan in oral language, full name is Japan Nation (日本国, Nihon-koku or Nippon-koku), is a country and island sovereign country located in East Asia. The country is located on the eastern edge of the Sea of ​​Japan and the East China Sea, to the west by the Korean peninsula through the Sea of ​​Japan, to the north by the Russian Far East by the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, and to the south by islands Taiwan across the East China Sea. Japan is part of the Ring of Fire and spans an archipelago of 6852 islets with a total area of ​​377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); in which 5 main islands include Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the capital of Japan and the largest metropolis in the country; Major cities include Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe and Kyoto. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, and one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries. About three-quarters of Japan's terrain is mountainous, with a population of 125.44 million people on the narrow coastal plains. The country is divided into 47 provinces in 8 geographical regions. The Tokyo metropolitan area is the world's most populous megalopolis with 37.4 million inhabitants. Scientific studies and archaeological evidence have shown that there were human settlements in Japan as early as the Paleolithic era. The first written mention of this country is in Chinese historical documents dating back to the first century AD. At first, Japanese culture was influenced by other lands, mainly the Chinese feudal dynasties, followed by a period of totalitarian feudalism similar to neighboring countries, later, this island nation. gradually separated from foreign domination, forming distinct cultural features. From the 12th century to 1868 is the Edo period, during this period, Japan was under the rule of the Shogun (shogunate) - dictatorial generals (Samurai) in the name of the Emperor, while the Imperial family only played role as a "puppet" and has no actual power. This country entered a process of self-isolation (Shiu Nation) that lasted throughout the first half of the 17th century and ended only in 1853 when the Asiatic Fleet of the US Imperial Navy was under the command of Vice Admiral. Governor Matthew C. Perry exerted pressure with "gunboat diplomacy", forcing the Tokugawa shogunate to order an opening to the West. After that, Japan fell into civil wars and riots that occurred for nearly two decades before Emperor Meiji defeated the shogunate and ascended the throne, beginning the rebuilding of the country in 1868 and giving birth to Japan. The Empire of Japan, embracing imperialism while at the same time restoring the Emperor's power, restored the Emperor to his position as the supreme leader as well as the sacred symbol of the nation. In 1937, Japan entered World War II as an ally of the Axis Powers, the Sino-Japanese Wars of 1937 and the Pacific War quickly spread, becoming part of the Axis powers. of this great war since 1941 and then