May 19, 2022
The Chemistry Chronology lists the important works, discoveries, ideas, inventions and experiments that have drastically changed the human understanding of the modern science of chemistry, defined as the the scientific study of the composition of matter and its interactions. The history of modern chemistry is believed to begin with the Irish scientist Robert Boyle, although its origins can be traced back to the earliest times known to man. The early ideas that later entered modern chemistry came from two main sources. Natural philosophers (such as Aristotle and Democritos) used deductive logic to explain the workings of the world around them. Alchemists (such as Geber and Rhazes) were people who used experimental techniques to attempt to prolong life or to perform physical transformations, such as turning base metals into gold. In the 17th century, a synthesis of the ideas of these two methods, deductive and experimental, led to the development of a thought process known as the scientific method. With the emergence of the scientific method, modern chemistry was born. Known as the "central science", the study of chemistry strongly influences and influences many other areas of science and technology. Many of the events that are central to our understanding of chemistry today are also considered important discoveries in fields such as physics, biology, astronomy, geology, and science. materials study.