January 18, 2022
Senkaku Islands (尖閣諸島, Senkaku Shotō, variants: Senkaku-guntō and Senkaku-rettō), Diaoyu Islands, Diaoyutai Islands (Chinese: 釣魚台群島; pinyin: Diaoyútái) Qundǎo - as it is called by Taiwan), Diaoyu Island and its dependent islands (Chinese: 钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿; pinyin: Diàoyúdǎo jí qí fùshǔ dǎoyǔ - as Mainland China calls it), are also called simply Diaoyu Islands (钓鱼岛) or Pinnacle Islands, are a group of uninhabited islands that Japan maintains de facto control over the East China Sea. These islands are located to the east of mainland China, to the northeast of the island of Taiwan, to the west of the island of Okinawa and to the north; southwesternmost of the Ryukyu Islands (Yonaguni Island). Since the United States handed over the management of these islands to Japan in 1971, the ownership of the islands has been in dispute between Japan and the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan). China claims to have discovered and controlled the islands since the 14th century, while Japan controlled the islands from 1895 until surrendering to the Allies after World War II. The United States administered the islands as part of the United States Civil Administration in the Ryukyu Islands from 1945 to 1972, after 1972, the islands were returned by the United States to the Japanese government under the Okinawa Return Treaty - Currently, the archipelago is a sensitive issue in the diplomatic relations between Japan and the People's Republic of China, as well as between Japan and the ROC. Despite the complexity of cross-Strait relations, both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China agree that the islands are part of Yilan County in Taiwan Province, while for Japan, due to the effects From Taiwan's geo-political position, the Japanese side does not recognize this country as a sovereign state and considers the archipelago to be part of Ishigaki city, in Okinawa Prefecture, at the same time, it also rejects the claim claim the sovereignty of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China over these islands.