Senkaku Islands

Article

January 18, 2022

Senkaku Islands (尖閣諸島, Senkaku Shotō, variants: Senkaku-guntō and Senkaku-rettō), Diaoyu Islands, Diaoyutai Islands (Chinese: 釣魚台群島; pinyin: Diaoyútái) Qundǎo - as it is called by Taiwan), Diaoyu Island and its dependent islands (Chinese: 钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿; pinyin: Diàoyúdǎo jí qí fùshǔ dǎoyǔ - as Mainland China calls it), are also called simply Diaoyu Islands (钓鱼岛) or Pinnacle Islands, are a group of uninhabited islands that Japan maintains de facto control over the East China Sea. These islands are located to the east of mainland China, to the northeast of the island of Taiwan, to the west of the island of Okinawa and to the north; southwesternmost of the Ryukyu Islands (Yonaguni Island). Since the United States handed over the management of these islands to Japan in 1971, the ownership of the islands has been in dispute between Japan and the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan). China claims to have discovered and controlled the islands since the 14th century, while Japan controlled the islands from 1895 until surrendering to the Allies after World War II. The United States administered the islands as part of the United States Civil Administration in the Ryukyu Islands from 1945 to 1972, after 1972, the islands were returned by the United States to the Japanese government under the Okinawa Return Treaty - Currently, the archipelago is a sensitive issue in the diplomatic relations between Japan and the People's Republic of China, as well as between Japan and the ROC. Despite the complexity of cross-Strait relations, both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China agree that the islands are part of Yilan County in Taiwan Province, while for Japan, due to the effects From Taiwan's geo-political position, the Japanese side does not recognize this country as a sovereign state and considers the archipelago to be part of Ishigaki city, in Okinawa Prefecture, at the same time, it also rejects the claim claim the sovereignty of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China over these islands.

Geography

The archipelago has five small uninhabited islands and three barren rocks. The archipelago is located in the East China Sea, approximately 120 nautical miles northeast of Taiwan, 200 nautical miles east of mainland China, and 200 nautical miles southwest of the Japanese island of Okinawa. In order ascending: 140 kilometers (76 nmi; 87 mi) east of the small island of Peng Jia, Taiwan 170 kilometers (92 nmi; 110 mi) north of Ishigaki Island, Japan 186 kilometers (100 nmi; 116 mi) north-east of Keelung, Taiwan 410 kilometers (220 nmi; 250 mi) west of the island of Okinawa, Japan On March 3, 2012, the State Oceanic Administration of China published 71 standard names for Diaoyu Island and other dependent islands. The water depth around the archipelago's continental shelf is approximately 100–150 meters (328–492 ft) with the exception of the southern Okinawa trough. The existence of a posterior arc basin complicates the problem of description. According to Professor Gui Guoxing (季国兴) of the Asia-Pacific Department at Shanghai Foreign Language University, The Chinese interpretation is "..

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