Roma

Article

January 18, 2022

This article is about the city of Rome. "Rome" is redirected here. For other searches, please see Roman (disambiguation).Roma (Latin and Italian: Roma [ˈroːma] (); also commonly known as Rome in English and French or Roman under the name Rome. Sino-Vietnamese transliteration) is the capital of Italy and a special district town (comune) (full name is Comune di Roma Capitale - meaning "Roma capital district"), and plays the role of is the capital of the central Lazio region of this country. Rome is the largest and most populous city in Italy with over 2.8 million inhabitants within 1,285 km². It is the third most populous city in the European Union, after Berlin and Madrid, by population living within the city limits. Rome is also the core of the Metropolitan City of Rome, with over 4.3 million inhabitants, making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Built on the distinctive terrain of seven hills, Rome is located downstream of the Tiber River near its mouth to the Mediterranean in the Midwest of the Italian peninsula, the historic Latium region. Vatican City, the world's smallest country, is an independent country located in the heart of Rome, the only example of a country that lies entirely within the territory of a city; It is also for this reason that Rome is often considered the capital of two countries. The history of Rome spans 28 centuries. Although Roman mythology places Rome around 753 BC, the city has been inhabited much longer than that, making it one of the oldest human settlements. continues to live in Europe. As the second cradle of Western civilization after Athens with an initial population of mixed Latin, Etruscan and Sabine ancestry, the city later became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. Roman Empire. During this period with the famous saying "All roads lead to Rome", Rome's power covered much of Europe, North Africa and reached the Middle East, dominating both militarily and culturally, was the brains of one of the greatest civilizations in history, having a comprehensive and far-reaching influence on society, language, literature, art, architecture, urban planning, civil engineering, philosophy, religion, law, and customs throughout the centuries to come. The city at that time was home to one to two million inhabitants of the ancient world, making it the world's first million-population metropolis as well as being considered the first central model metropolis. of humanity. Rome was originally called the Eternal City (Latin: Urbs Aeterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the first century BC and that idea was followed by Ovidius, Vergilius and Livius. The city is also famous for its title "Caput Mundi" which in Latin means capital of the world. Greatly enlarged by great works under Julius Caesar and especially in the days of Emperor Augustus, the city was heavily damaged in part in the Great Fire of Rome in 62 and then reached its peak. high development

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