Vietnam National Assembly Building


May 19, 2022

The National Assembly House or Vietnam National Assembly Building, also known as the New Ba Dinh Hall, is the working headquarters and the place where the plenary sessions of the National Assembly of Vietnam take place. The National Assembly House was started construction in 2009 in the political center of Ba Dinh. The building is located on Doc Lap street, overlooking Ba Dinh Square, opposite Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum and next to the archaeological site of 18 Hoang Dieu. The building is the largest and most complex office building built in Vietnam since the country's reunification with modern architecture that integrates complex advanced technology and equipment application solutions. The construction of the National Assembly House, which took 15 years (1999–2014) from the conception until its inauguration, created countless debates in society as well as in the mass media from the location of its construction, preservation, and maintenance. preservation of monuments to the architectural plan. The construction of the National Assembly House also led to the largest archaeological excavation in Vietnam at 18 Hoang Dieu. Architectural consulting firm Gerkan, Marg und Partner International GmbH of the Federal Republic of Germany received the Grand Prize – the highest award in the 2014 National Architecture Award of the Vietnam Association of Architects for the National House project. There are many proposals to open the National Assembly House for the public and voters to visit widely, especially the archaeological and contemporary art gallery in the basement, allowing visitors to listen to an audience. sessions of the National Assembly but in fact have not been implemented. Sightseeing is limited to delegations only through registration at the National Assembly Office and local National Assembly Delegation offices with letters of recommendation from State agencies, ward administrations, and residential groups. .


The idea of ​​designing and constructing the National Assembly House has been formed since the takeover of Hanoi Capital. In March 1960, one hundred Vietnamese experts, officials and workers were summoned by the Government and ordered to go to Beijing for 9 months with the following purposes: Learning from experience in designing and building the National Assembly; directly do the work of manufacturing products related to the National Assembly house; visit ten major constructions of Beijing just inaugurated in 1959, especially the Great Hall of the People (ie the National Assembly of China). At the same time, in Vietnam a group of Chinese experts together with the architecture Vietnamese monks such as Nguyen Huu Tiem, Hoang Nhu Tiep, Ngo Huy Quynh designed the house of the National Assembly of Vietnam in the house on the Hoang Hoa Tham racecourse area. This land (ie Quan Ngua Sports Palace today) is expected to be used to build the National Assembly of Vietnam. The team of Sino-Vietnamese experts completed the design project of the National Assembly house of Vietnam and displayed the design products at the headquarters of the Ministry of Construction. The expert group reported to President Ho Chi Minh and other Vietnamese state leaders. President Ho Chi Minh commented that at that time the country was still poor, when the country was unified, it would build a better, bigger and more beautiful National Assembly.