Arab World

Article

May 19, 2022

The Arab world (Arabic: العالم العربي‎ al-'ālam al-'arabī; officially: the Arab homeland, الوطن العربي al-waṭan al-'arabī), also known as the Arab peoples (الأمة العربية‎) al-ummah al-'arabīyah) or the Arab states, which currently comprises the 22 Arabic-speaking countries of the Arab League. The territory of the Arab states stretched from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean in the southeast. The total population of the Arab world is about 422 million according to 2012 figures, over half of whom are under the age of 25. During the Middle Ages, the Arab world was synonymous with Arab empires in history. Arab nationalism arose in the second half of the 19th century, along with other nationalist movements within the Ottoman Empire. The Arab League was established in 1945 to represent the interests of the Arab people and in particular to pursue political unification of the Arab states; a scheme known as pan-Arabism.

Definition

The linguistic and political expression inherent in Arabic terminology often prevails over concerns about lineage. In Arab countries, Modern Standard Arabic is the only language spoken by the government. The language of a particular country is called Darija, which means "common/colloquial language." Darija shares much of its vocabulary with Standard Arabic, but it also borrows significantly from the Berber (Tamazight) background, as well as more widely from French, the language of the former colonists. at the Maghreb. Darija is spoken and understood to varying degrees in the Maghreb countries, notably Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, but is incomprehensible to speakers of other Arabic dialects, mainly to those in Egypt and the Middle East.

Standard Territory Definition

Although there is no universally accepted definition of the Arab world, all member states of the Arab League are generally recognized as part of the Arab world. The Arab League is an organization. The regional organization has the objective (among other things) to examine the affairs and interests of the Arab states as a whole and to define the following definition of an Arab: An Arab is an individual whose language is Arabic, who lives in an Arab country, and who sympathizes with the aspirations of the Arab people. This standard territory definition is sometimes found to be irrelevant or ambiguous, and may include certain additional elements.

Arab League Member State

Dependent language definition

As an alternative to or in conjunction with the standard territorial definition, the Arab world can be defined as consisting of peoples and states linked with at least a certain degree of linguistic proximity. , Arabic culture or geography, or those states and territories that have an Arabic-speaking majority, and therefore may