January 18, 2022

Tosca is a three-act musical by famous composer Giacomo Puccini with lyrics by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. The play was first performed on January 14, 1900 at the Teatro Costanzi, Rome, based on the play "La Tosca" by the French playwright Victorien Sardou. The melodrama "Tosca"' takes place in the setting of Romes in June 1800 after the fierce Battle of Marengo. A combination of Puccini's world-fascinating music and vivid illustrations of torture, assassination and suicide, it also inspired countless unforgettable performances by artists. top opera singer. In 1889, Puccini had the opportunity to see Sardou's play in a show in Italy and in 1895 he obtained the rights to convert the play into an opera. The work of transforming a French play with too many long lines into a concise, concise Italian opera took four years of work and constant arguments between Puccini and the lyricist. Despite the coldness from critics, the opera still achieved great success as soon as it was released to the public.


French playwright Victorien Sardou wrote more than 70 plays during his artistic career, most of which were successful at the time, but today most have fallen into oblivion. In the early 1880s, Sardou began collaborating with the famous actress Sarah Bernhardt on a series of epic melodramas. With Bernhardt, Sardou culminated with "La Tosca", which premiered on 24 November 1887 and toured throughout Europe. The play achieved unimaginable success with 3,000 performances in France alone. After seeing "La Tosca" twice in Milan and Tirun, in May 1899 Puccini wrote to the opera choreographer Giulio Ricordi to ask Sardou's permission to make the play an opera because, according to him, " I saw what I needed in this "Tosca" which was an opera that had no grand scale, no elaborate setting, and no need for music to the degree of common sense. " To Puccini's enthusiasm, Ricordi sent his subordinates to Paris to negotiate with Sardou. However, Sardou wanted his work to be adapted by a French composer. He also complained about the reception of "La Tosca" in Italy, especially in Milan, and said that many other composers are also very interested in the adaptation of the play. However, Ricordi eventually reached an agreement with Sardou, and commissioned Luigi Illica to write the screenplay for the adaptation. However, in 1891, Illica advised Puccini to abandon the project on the grounds that Illica feared that the play would not be successful when incorporated into the framework of a musical. When Sardou commented that he did not feel comfortable entrusting his most successful "brainchild" to an upstart like Puccini, especially since he did not like Puccini's music very much, Puccini felt offended. . After he withdrew from his contract with Ricordi, Ricordi entrusted the work of composing to Alberto Franchetti. Although Franchetti later

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