China

Article

May 19, 2022

China (simplified Chinese: 中国; traditional: 中國; pinyin: Zhōngguó) (English: China), the country's official name is the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國; Han Chinese) -Viet: People's Republic of China; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gonghéguó), is a sovereign country located in East Asia. It is the most populous country in the world with an estimated population of 1.405 billion. China is a one-party state ruled by the Communist Party of China, the central government is located in the capital Beijing. The Chinese government exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macau. The Chinese government also claims sovereignty over all territories administered by the Republic of China (Taiwan), unilaterally claiming the island as its 23rd province (though no control over it). In fact), this policy is currently causing a lot of controversy due to its complexity and the factor of Taiwan's geo-political position. With an area of ​​9,596,961 km², China is a country. has the 4th largest continental area in the world and is the 3rd or 4th largest country by total area depending on the method of measurement. The landscape varies from forested savannahs and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the rainier south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges form China's natural boundary with South and Central Asia. The Truong Giang and the Yellow River are the 3rd and 6th longest rivers in the world, respectively. These two rivers originate from the Tibetan Plateau and flow towards the east coast - where the population is densely populated. China's coastline stretches along the Pacific Ocean and is 14,500 km long, bordering the seas: Bohai, Yellow Sea, East China Sea and East Sea. The history of China dates back to the basins of two rivers: the Yellow River (North China Plain) and the Changjiang (Changjiang Plain). Over the past 5,000 years, Chinese civilization has developed strongly, characterized by ideological and philosophical systems such as Confucianism, Taoism and the theory of Yin and Yang of the Five Elements - which has had a great and far-reaching influence on the world. neighboring countries, scientific and technical achievements (invention of paper, compass, gunpowder, seismometer, printing technology,...), trans-Asian trade activities (Silk Road) silk) and the cities with the largest population size and architectural level in the world in the Middle Ages. With more than 5,000 years of history, China is one of the four great ancient civilizations of the world (along with Mesopotamia, Egypt and India) and the only one of them still intact. The political system of feudal China is based on successive absolutist monarchies, beginning with the Xia dynasty in the Yellow River basin from about 21 BC. In 221 BC, the Qin Dynasty conquered a series of other small countries to form a unified Chinese empire. Throughout history, China's territory under the rule of successive feudal dynasties has experienced many times.