Yamato (class battleship)

Article

May 28, 2022

Yamato-class battleships (Japanese: 大和型戦艦; rōmaji: Yamato-gata senkan; Sino-Vietnamese pronunciation: Dai Hoa battleship-shaped battleship ) were battleships of the Imperial Japanese Navy built and operated during World War II. With a displacement of 72,000 tons at full load, these were the largest, heaviest and most heavily armed battleships ever built. The class carried the largest naval gun ever mounted on a warship: nine 460 mm (18.1 in) guns, each capable of firing 1,360 kg (2,998 lb) shells a distance of 42 km (26 km). mile). Two battleships of this class, Yamato and Musashi, were completed, while the third Shinano was converted to an aircraft carrier upon construction. With their impressive stats and armor and firepower, the Yamato-class could beat any other battleship in one-on-one battles. But unfortunately for the Yamato-class and battleships in general, they were becoming obsolete in the face of a new type of battleship, the aircraft carrier. Carrier-based bombers can strike a warship within a few hundred kilometers, far beyond the range of a battleship's cannon (only about 40 kilometers). At 2.5 times more expensive than an aircraft carrier, the Yamato-class has cost the Japanese defense industry a lot of resources, but its combat effectiveness is very low compared to aircraft carriers: The Musashi was sunk by planes before it could engage any enemy ships, and the Yamato only participated in one naval battle before being sunk by planes. Because of the threat posed by American submarines and aircraft carriers, both Yamato and Musashi spent most of their time at naval bases in Brunei, Truk, and Kure, being mobilized several times to deal with threats. American air raids on Japanese Army bases, before participating in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, as part of Admiral Kurita's Force Center. Musashi was sunk en route to the battlefield by planes from American carriers. Shinano was sunk ten days after being commissioned in November 1944 by the American submarine Archer-Fish, while Yamato was sunk in April 1945 during Operation Ten-Go. At the time of the Allied occupation of Japan, special agents of the Imperial Japanese Navy destroyed virtually all records, drawings, and photographs directly or related to the Yamato class, only to partial notes on design features and other technical issues. The destruction was so effective that, until 1948, the only images available of Yamato and Musashi were those taken by US Navy planes that attacked the two battleships. Although images and information in documents that have not been destroyed have gradually come to light in recent years, the loss of most of the documents has made extensive study of the Yamato class difficult. so difficult. Information about this class of ships is mainly obtained through interviews with officials and naval officers after the surrender of Japan.