Yamato (Japanese battleship)

Article

May 19, 2022

Yamato (Japanese: 大和; Sino-Vietnamese pronunciation: Dai Hoa), named after what is now Japan's Nara Prefecture, was a battleship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, and the flagship of the Combined Fleet of Japan. She was the lead ship of her class of battleships. Yamato, along with her sister ship Musashi, were the largest and heaviest battleships ever built, displacing 73,100 tons at full load, and armed with a main battery of nine cannon with caliber up to 460 mm (18.1 inches). With these parameters, Yamato was able to defeat every other battleship in one-on-one battles. But unfortunately for Yamato and battleships in general, they were becoming obsolete in the face of a new type of warship, the aircraft carrier. Carrier-based bombers can strike a warship within a few hundred kilometers, far beyond the range of a battleship's cannon (only about 40 kilometers). At 2.5 times more expensive than an aircraft carrier, Yamato has cost the Japanese defense industry a lot of resources, but its combat effectiveness is very low compared to an aircraft carrier. Built from 1937 to 1940 and commissioned in late 1941, Yamato served as Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto's flagship throughout 1942, the first time as a part of the fleet. Combined Fleet at the Battle of Midway in June 1942. Throughout 1943, Yamato moved repeatedly between the Truk, Kure, and Brunei bases in response to American air raids on the Japanese base islands. . The only time Yamato fired her main guns at an enemy ship was during the battle off Samar in October 1944, but she was ordered to withdraw after attacks by destroyers and destroyers. Aircraft on the escort carriers damaged three heavy cruisers. Yamato was sunk in April 1945 during Operation Ten-Go. To this day, this is still the largest warship ever sunk in a war.

Design and manufacture

Design

Yamato was the lead ship of her class of "heavy battleships", designed by the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1937. This class of battleships was designed to engage multiple enemy targets at the same time. at once, a solution to Japan's weak industrial potential relative to the United States Navy. Along with the Yamato-class battleships each displacing more than 70,000 tons, they hoped that the powerful firepower of the battleships built would offset American industrial might.

Crafting

The keel of Yamato was laid down at Kure Naval Arsenal on 4 November 1937 in a specially designed drydock. During the crafting process, large canvases were stretched to prevent the Kure crafting from being viewed from all sides. Due to the ship's enormous size, cranes capable of lifting 150 and 350 tons had to be specifically designed, built for that purpose.